Do biological systems contradict the second law of thermodynamics? By taking energy from their surroundings and synthesizing large, complex biological molecules, plants and animals tend to concentrate energy, not disperse it.
How can this be so?
In this problem, we are asked if biological systems contradict the second law of thermodynamics.
Recall that the second law of thermodynamics states that: “the entropy of the universe increases.”
The system is the part of the universe that is of interest.
The surroundings is everything that is not included in the system.
The universe is the combination of the system and the surroundings.
To answer this problem, let us first define what kind of systems are biological systems.