Problem: Ball-and-stick models and Lewis structures for two hydrated hydronium ions.Which type of intermolecular force do the dotted lines in this figure represent?

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We are asked to determine which type of intermolecular force do the dotted lines in this figure represent.

The intermolecular force that the dotted lines represent is called “Hydrogen bonding”.

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Problem Details

In the top figure, ball-and-stick models show the O in H2O connected via a dashed line to an H in H3O+, leading to H5O2+. In the bottom figure, ball-and-stick models show each H in H3O+ connected via dashed lines to O in H2O, leading to H9O4+.
Ball-and-stick models and Lewis structures for two hydrated hydronium ions.

Which type of intermolecular force do the dotted lines in this figure represent?

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