We’re being asked to list the given aqueous solutions in order of decreasing freezing point.
Recall that the freezing point of a solution is lower than that of the pure solvent and the change in freezing point (ΔTf) is given by:
The change in freezing point is also related to the molality of the solution:
i = van’t Hoff factor
m = molality of the solution (in m or mol/kg)
Kf = freezing point depression constant (in ˚C/m) of the solvent
List the following aqueous solutions in order of decreasing freezing point: 0.040 m glycerin (C3H8O3), 0.020 m potassium bromide (KBr), 0.030 m phenol ( C6H5OH).
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