Problem: List the following aqueous solutions in order of decreasing freezing point: 0.040 m glycerin (C3H8O3), 0.020 m potassium bromide (KBr), 0.030 m phenol ( C6H5OH).

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FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to list the given aqueous solutions in order of decreasing freezing point.


Recall that the freezing point of a solution is lower than that of the pure solvent and the change in freezing point (ΔT­f) is given by:


ΔTf=Tf, pure solvent-Tf, solution


The change in freezing point is also related to the molality of the solution:


ΔTf=imKf


where:

i = van’t Hoff factor

m = molality of the solution (in m or mol/kg)

Kf = freezing point depression constant (in ˚C/m) of the solvent


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Problem Details

List the following aqueous solutions in order of decreasing freezing point: 0.040 m glycerin (C3H8O3), 0.020 m potassium bromide (KBr), 0.030 m phenol ( C6H5OH).

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