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Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Explain why 1-propanol (CH3CH2CH2OH) is miscible in both water (H2O) and hexane (C6H6) when hexane and water are barely soluble in each other.

Solution: Explain why 1-propanol (CH3CH2CH2OH) is miscible in both water (H2O) and hexane (C6H6) when hexane and water are barely soluble in each other.

Problem

Explain why 1-propanol (CH3CH2CH2OH) is miscible in both water (H2O) and hexane (C6H6) when hexane and water are barely soluble in each other.

Solution

We’re being asked why 1-propanol is miscible with water and hexane while hexane is not miscible with water

The problem can be separated into three statements:

  • 1-propanol is miscible with hexane
  • 1-propanol is miscible with water
  • hexane is not miscible with water


This problem talks about the miscibility of the compounds.

miscible → they will mix and will form a homogeneous mixture
immiscible → they will not mix and will form a heterogeneous mixture


We’re going to use the theory “likes” dissolving “likes”  which states that the solvent can only completely dissolve the solute if they share similar polarity


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