Problem: A solution contains 4.08 g of chloroform (CHCl3 ) and 9.29 g of acetone (CH3 COCH3 ). The vapor pressures at 35 oC of pure chloroform and pure acetone are 295 torr and 332 torr, respectively.Assuming ideal behavior, calculate the vapor pressure of acetone.

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FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to determine the partial pressure of acetone (CH3COCH3) in the solution

Recall that the vapor pressure of a solution can be given by Raoult’s Law.

Psolution=P°soluteXsoluteP°solventXsolvent

where:

 P˚ = vapor pressure of pure component 

χ = mole fraction of component.


Recall that mole Fraction (X) relates the moles of solute and solvent within a solution. 

mole fraction (X)=mole solutemole solution


To solve this problem:

Step 1. Solve for the number of mole from grams of solute and solvent given.
Step 2. Find the mole fraction for acetone.
Step 3. Determine the partial pressure for acetone. 


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Problem Details

A solution contains 4.08 g of chloroform (CHCl3 ) and 9.29 g of acetone (CH3 COCH3 ). The vapor pressures at 35 oC of pure chloroform and pure acetone are 295 torr and 332 torr, respectively.

Assuming ideal behavior, calculate the vapor pressure of acetone.

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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the The Colligative Properties concept. You can view video lessons to learn The Colligative Properties. Or if you need more The Colligative Properties practice, you can also practice The Colligative Properties practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Turnpenny's class at BU.