Problem: Pick an appropriate solvent from the table below to dissolve each substance. State the kind of intermolecular forces that would occur between the solute and solvent in sodium nitrate (ionic).Common polar solventsCommon nonpolar solventsWater (H2O)Hexane (C6H14)Acetone (CH3COCH3)Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)Methanol (CH3OH)Toluene (C7H8)Ethanol (CH3CH2OH)Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)

FREE Expert Solution

Recall that there are several types of intermolecular forces:

1. Ion-dipole interaction – occurs between an ion and a polar covalent compound

2. Hydrogen bonding – occurs in compounds where hydrogen is directly connected to an electronegative element such as N, O, or F

3. Dipole-dipole interaction – occurs between two polar covalent compounds

4. Induced-dipole interaction – occurs when a nonpolar compound interacts with a polar compound

5. Dispersion forces – occurs in all compounds. This is the primary intermolecular force exhibited by nonpolar compounds.


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Problem Details
Pick an appropriate solvent from the table below to dissolve each substance. State the kind of intermolecular forces that would occur between the solute and solvent in sodium nitrate (ionic).
Common polar solventsCommon nonpolar solvents
Water (H2O)Hexane (C6H14)
Acetone (CH3COCH3)Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)
Methanol (CH3OH)Toluene (C7H8)
Ethanol (CH3CH2OH)Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)


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