Problem: Pick an appropriate solvent from the table below to dissolve each substance. State the kind of intermolecular forces that would occur between the solute and solvent in each case.Common polar solventsCommon nonpolar solventsWater (H2O)Hexane (C6H14)Acetone (CH3COCH3)Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)Methanol (CH3OH)Toluene (C7H8)Ethanol (CH3CH2OH)Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)Pick appropriate solvent(s) to dissolve paraffin oil (nonpolar).

FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked in which appropriate solvent would dissolve paraffin oil. 


Recall that the main idea in dissolution is like dissolves like, which means compounds with the same polarity and intermolecular force can dissolve each other.


Paraffin oil is an example of a hydrocarbon, a compound composed only of carbons and hydrogens. 

Hydrocarbons are nonpolar compounds. This means that paraffin oil is a nonpolar molecule that exhibits dispersion forces.


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Problem Details
Pick an appropriate solvent from the table below to dissolve each substance. State the kind of intermolecular forces that would occur between the solute and solvent in each case.


Common polar solventsCommon nonpolar solvents
Water (H2O)Hexane (C6H14)
Acetone (CH3COCH3)Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)
Methanol (CH3OH)Toluene (C7H8)
Ethanol (CH3CH2OH)Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)


Pick appropriate solvent(s) to dissolve paraffin oil (nonpolar).

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