We’re being asked to **determine the mass of salt(NaCl)** that must be added to **1.52 L of water** to get a solution that **freezes at –12.4 ˚C**.

Recall that the freezing point of a solution is *lower* than that of the pure solvent and the ** change in freezing point (ΔT_{f})** is given by:

$\overline{){{\mathbf{\Delta T}}}_{{\mathbf{f}}}{\mathbf{=}}{{\mathbf{T}}}_{\mathbf{f}\mathbf{,}\mathbf{}\mathbf{pure}\mathbf{}\mathbf{solvent}}{\mathbf{-}}{{\mathbf{T}}}_{\mathbf{f}\mathbf{,}\mathbf{}\mathbf{solution}}}$

The ** change in freezing point** is also related to the molality of the solution:

$\overline{){{\mathbf{\Delta T}}}_{{\mathbf{f}}}{\mathbf{=}}{{\mathbf{imK}}}_{{\mathbf{f}}}}$

where:

**i** = van’t Hoff factor

**m** = molality of the solution (in m or mol/kg)

**K _{f}** = freezing point depression constant (in ˚C/m)

Recall that the ** molality of a solution** is given by:

$\overline{){\mathbf{molality}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{\mathbf{moles}\mathbf{}\mathbf{solute}}{\mathbf{kg}\mathbf{}\mathbf{solvent}}}$

**For this problem, we need to do the following:**

* Step 1:* Calculate for ΔT

* Step 2:* Determine the molality of the solution.

* Step 3:* Calculate the mass of NaCl needed.

What mass of salt (NaCl) should you add to 1.52 L of water in an ice cream maker to make a solution that freezes at -12.4 ^{o}C ? Assume complete dissociation of the NaCl and density of 1.00 g/mL for water.

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Freezing Point Depression concept. If you need more Freezing Point Depression practice, you can also practice Freezing Point Depression practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Davis' class at UCF.