Liquids undergo a phase transition to solids upon cooling. There are however substances, known as the liquid crystals, which show an intermediate phase between a liquid and solid.
The particles in liquid crystals are ordered like a solid and yet able to flow like a liquid.
At three different temperatures T1, T2, and T3, the molecules in a liquid crystal align in these ways:
At T1, which type of liquid crystalline phase is depicted?
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