Problem: At three different temperatures T1, T2, and T3, the molecules in a liquid crystal align in these ways:At T1, which type of liquid crystalline phase is depicted?

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Liquids undergo a phase transition to solids upon cooling. There are however substances, known as the liquid crystals, which show an intermediate phase between a liquid and solid.

The particles in liquid crystals are ordered like a solid and yet able to flow like a liquid.


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Problem Details

At three different temperatures T1, T2, and T3, the molecules in a liquid crystal align in these ways:

Time 1: Molecules are organized into three horizontal rows, with all molecules aligned vertically. Time 2: All molecules are oriented vertically, but there are no clear rows or other structure to their arrangement. Time 3: All molecules are randomly arranged, with no clear pattern.

At T1, which type of liquid crystalline phase is depicted?

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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Maxwell's class at UCF.