Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular ForcesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Ethylene glycol (HOCH2CH2OH), the major substance in antifreeze, has a normal boiling point of 198 oC. By comparison, ethyl alcohol (CH3CH2OH) boils at 78 oC at atmospheric pressure. Ethylene glycol d

Problem

Ethylene glycol (HOCH2CH2OH), the major substance in antifreeze, has a normal boiling point of 198 oC. By comparison, ethyl alcohol (CH3CH2OH) boils at 78 oC at atmospheric pressure. Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (CH3OCH2CH2OCH3) has a normal boiling point of 83 oC, and ethyl methyl ether (CH3CH2OCH3) has a normal boiling point of 11 oC.

What are the major factors responsible for the difference in boiling points of the two ethers?