Problem: Why are X-rays used for crystallography? Why not use some other, more accessible type of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light?

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We are asked why X-rays are used in crystallography.


X-ray crystallography (XRC) is the experimental science determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline structure causes a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.

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Why are X-rays used for crystallography? Why not use some other, more accessible type of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light?