Problem: One of the key components in the manufacture of Portland cement is, Ca3SiO5, a compound that is obtained by firing the reactants in a kiln at 1400 - 1500 C. Assign an oxidation state to each element in this compound.What is the oxidation state of Si in Ca3SiO5?

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We’re being asked to determine the oxidation state of Si in Ca3SiO5.


The rules for oxidation states are as follows:


A. General Rules:

1. For an atom in its elemental form (Zn, Cl2, C(graphite), etc.)    O.S. = 0

2. For an ion (Li+, Al3+, etc.)                                                       O.S. = charge


B. Specific Rules:

1. Group 1A              O.S. = +1

2. Group 2A              O.S. = +2

3. Hydrogen              O.S. = +1, with nonmetals

                                  O.S. = –1 with metals and boron

4. Fluorine                 O.S. = –1

5. Oxygen                  O.S. = –1 in peroxides (X2O2, X = Group 1A)

                                  O.S. = –1/2 in superoxides (XO2, X = Group 1A)

                                  O.S. = –2 in other compounds

6. Group 7A               O.S. = –1 (except when bonded to O)


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Problem Details

One of the key components in the manufacture of Portland cement is, Ca3SiO5, a compound that is obtained by firing the reactants in a kiln at 1400 - 1500 C. Assign an oxidation state to each element in this compound.

What is the oxidation state of Si in Ca3SiO5?

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