Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:
Subshell Total # of orbitals
s _ 1 orbital
p _ _ _ 3 orbitals
d _ _ _ _ _ 5 orbitals
Hybrid orbitals for each carbon atom in azodicarbonamide is sp2
Two molecules used in the polymer industry are azodicarbonamide and methyl cyanoacrylate. Their structures are
Azodicarbonamide is used in forming polystyrene. When added to the molten plastic, it decomposes to nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and ammonia gases, which are captured as bubbles in the molten polymer. Methyl cyanoacrylate is super glue. As the glue sets, methyl cyanoacrylate polymerizes across the carbon–carbon double bond.
b. Which hybrid orbitals are used by the carbon atoms in each molecule and the nitrogen atom in azodicarbonamide?
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Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach - Zumdahl Atoms 1st 2nd Edition. You can also practice Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach - Zumdahl Atoms 1st 2nd Edition practice problems.