Chemistry Practice Problems Orbital Overlap Practice Problems Solution: Pelargondin is the molecule responsible for the re...

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Solution: Pelargondin is the molecule responsible for the red color of the geranium flower. It also contributes to the color of ripe strawberries and raspberries. The structure of pelargondin is:How many σ and π bonds exist in pelargondin? What is the hybridization of the carbon atoms marked 1–4?

Problem

Pelargondin is the molecule responsible for the red color of the geranium flower. It also contributes to the color of ripe strawberries and raspberries. The structure of pelargondin is:

How many σ and π bonds exist in pelargondin? What is the hybridization of the carbon atoms marked 1–4?

Solution

Covalent bonds form when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and electrons are shared

A σ bond is the direct overlapping of two atomic orbitals.

A π bond is a sideways overlapping of p orbitals

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