Problem: Give the expected hybridization of the central atom for the molecules or ions. a. POCl3, SO42-, XeO4, PO43-, ClO4-

🤓 Based on our data, we think this question is relevant for Professor Stec's class at UIC.

FREE Expert Solution

We are asked to give the expected hybridization of the central atom for the molecules or ions. 


Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:

Subshell                   Total # of orbitals 

        s             _                 1 orbital  

        p          _ _ _              3 orbitals

        d        _ _ _ _ _          5 orbitals



POCl3

Valence electrons: 

P → group 5A → 5 ve-

O → group 6A → 6 ve-

Cl → group 7A → 3 x 7 ve- = 21 ve-

Total = 32 ve-



# groups = 4 atoms = 4 groups 

 1 s orbital + 3 p orbitals  = 4 orbitals

 s p p p= sp3


The hybridization of the central atom P is sp3


SO42-

Valence electrons: 

S → group 6A → 6 ve-

O → group 6A → 4 x 6 ve- = 24 ve-

Total = 30 ve-



# groups = 4 atoms = 4 groups 

 1 s orbital + 3 p orbitals  = 4 orbitals

 s p p p= sp3

The hybridization of the central atom S is sp3


XeO4

Valence electrons: 

Xe → group 8A → 8 ve-

O → group 6A → 4 x 6 ve- = 24 ve-

Total = 32 ve-


# groups = 4 atoms = 4 groups 

 1 s orbital + 3 p orbitals  = 4 orbitals

 s p p p= sp3

The hybridization of the central atom Xe is sp3


View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

Give the expected hybridization of the central atom for the molecules or ions. 

a. POCl3, SO42-, XeO4, PO43-, ClO4-

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hybridization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hybridization. Or if you need more Hybridization practice, you can also practice Hybridization practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Stec's class at UIC.

What textbook is this problem found in?

Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach - Zumdahl 2nd Edition. You can also practice Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach - Zumdahl 2nd Edition practice problems.