Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular StructureWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Sections
Chemical Bonds
Lattice Energy
Lattice Energy Application
Born Haber Cycle
Dipole Moment
Lewis Dot Structure
Octet Rule
Formal Charge
Resonance Structures
Additional Practice
Bond Energy

Solution: When molten sulfur reacts with chlorine gas, a vile-smelling orange liquid forms that has a formula of S2Cl2. The Lewis structure of this compound has a formal charge of zero on all elements in the co

Solution: When molten sulfur reacts with chlorine gas, a vile-smelling orange liquid forms that has a formula of S2Cl2. The Lewis structure of this compound has a formal charge of zero on all elements in the co

Problem

When molten sulfur reacts with chlorine gas, a vile-smelling orange liquid forms that has a formula of S2Cl2. The Lewis structure of this compound has a formal charge of zero on all elements in the compound. Draw the Lewis structure for the vile-smelling orange liquid.

Solution

In drawing Lewis structures, there are general guidelines to be followed:

1. The number of valence electrons equals group number. 

The total number of valence electrons is:


2. Least electronegative element goes in the center.

Sulfur is less electronegative than chlorine and would be the central atoms.


3. Atoms share or transfer elements to obtain 8 valence shell electrons. Atoms in a covalent bond share electrons. The electrons that participate/bonding in sharing is represented by a line.


4. Non-bonding electrons are represented by Lewis dot symbols.


5. Halogens, when not in center, make one bond.


The Lewis structure of S2Cl2 is:


View the complete written solution...