Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Chlorine reacts with oxygen to form Cl2O7 (l).PrefixMeaningMono-1Di-2Tri-3Tetra-4Penta-5Hexa-6Hepta-7Octa-8Nona-9Deca-10If the oxygen in Cl2O7 (l) is considered to have the -2 oxidation state, what is

Problem
Chlorine reacts with oxygen to form Cl2O7 (l).


PrefixMeaning
Mono-1
Di-2
Tri-3
Tetra-4
Penta-5
Hexa-6
Hepta-7
Octa-8
Nona-9
Deca-10


If the oxygen in Cl2O7 (l) is considered to have the -2 oxidation state, what is the oxidation state of the chlorine?

Solution

We’re asked to determine the oxidation state of chlorine in Cl2O7 (l), if oxygen, O is considered to have the -2 oxidation state.


Recall that the rules for oxidation states are as follows:


A. General Rules:

1. For an atom in its elemental form (Zn, Cl2, C(graphite), etc.)    O.S. = 0

2. For an ion (Li+, Al3+, etc.)                                                       O.S. = charge


B. Specific Rules:

1. Group 1A              O.S. = +1

2. Group 2A              O.S. = +2

3. Hydrogen              O.S. = +1, with nonmetals

                                  O.S. = –1 with metals and boron

4. Fluorine                 O.S. = –1

5. Oxygen                  O.S. = –1 in peroxides (X2O2, X = Group 1A)

                                  O.S. = –1/2 in superoxides (XO2, X = Group 1A)

                                  O.S. = –2 in other compounds

6. Group 7A               O.S. = –1 (except when bonded to O)


Cl2O7 is a neutral covalent compound. 

**Covalent compounds are formed between 2 or more nonmetals (Cl and O are nonmetals)

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