Problem: In the experiment shown schematically below , a beam of neutral atoms is passed through a magnetic field. Atoms that have unpaired electrons are deflected in different directions in the magnetic field depending on the value of the electron spin quantum number. In the experiment illustrated, we envision that a beam of hydrogen atoms splits into two beams.The relevant experiment was first performed by Otto Stern and Walter Gerlach in 1921. They used a beam of Ag atoms in the experiment. By considering the electron configuration of a silver atom, explain why the single beam splits into two beams.

FREE Expert Solution
82% (15 ratings)
Problem Details

In the experiment shown schematically below A diagram shows a beam of atoms traveling through a thin vertical slit and passing between the arms of a U-shaped magnet.  A beam collector plate shows that atoms are deflected either left or right after the magnet., a beam of neutral atoms is passed through a magnetic field. Atoms that have unpaired electrons are deflected in different directions in the magnetic field depending on the value of the electron spin quantum number. In the experiment illustrated, we envision that a beam of hydrogen atoms splits into two beams.

The relevant experiment was first performed by Otto Stern and Walter Gerlach in 1921. They used a beam of Ag atoms in the experiment. By considering the electron configuration of a silver atom, explain why the single beam splits into two beams.

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers concept. You can view video lessons to learn The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers. Or if you need more The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers practice, you can also practice The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers practice problems.