We’re being asked to determine the formal charge of chlorine in ClO–.
To do so, we need to do the following steps:
Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule.
Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.
Step 3: Draw the Lewis structure for the molecule.
Step 4: Calculate the formal charge for the indicated atom.
Recall that the formula for the formal charge is:
The substance chlorine monoxide, ClO (g), is important in atmospheric processes that lead to depletion of the ozone layer. The ClO molecule has has an experimental dipole moment of 1.24 D and the Cl - O bond length is 1.60 Å.
The anion ClO- exists. What is the formal charge on the Cl for the best Lewis structure for ClO-?
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