Problem: The substance chlorine monoxide, ClO (g), is important in atmospheric processes that lead to depletion of the ozone layer. The ClO molecule has has an experimental dipole moment of 1.24 D and the Cl - O bond length is 1.60 Å.The anion ClO- exists. What is the formal charge on the Cl for the best Lewis structure for ClO-?

FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to determine the formal charge of chlorine in ClO


To do so, we need to do the following steps:


Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule.

Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.

Step 3: Draw the Lewis structure for the molecule.

Step 4: Calculate the formal charge for the indicated atom. 


Recall that the formula for the formal charge is:

F.C. = Group Numer - (Bonds + Nonbonding e-)


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Problem Details

The substance chlorine monoxide, ClO (g), is important in atmospheric processes that lead to depletion of the ozone layer. The ClO molecule has has an experimental dipole moment of 1.24 D and the Cl - O bond length is 1.60 Å.

The anion ClO- exists. What is the formal charge on the Cl for the best Lewis structure for ClO-?

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