We’re asked to determine the hybridization of N in the given compounds.
For this problem, we may do so by looking at the geometry of the molecules in question.
For azobenzene: The geometry of the molecule is bent/angular/V-shaped. Bent/angular/V-shaped geometry has 3 groups around the central atom. It is represented by the general formula AX2E1.
• A → central atom
• X → atoms bonded with the central element
• E → lone pairs
Azo dyes are organic dyes that are used for many applications, such as the coloring of fabrics. Many azo dyes are derivatives of the organic substance azobenzene, C12 H10 N2. A closely related substance is hydrazobenzene, C12 H12 N2. The Lewis structures of these two substances are showin in the diagram.
(Recall the shorthand notation used for organic molecules.)
What is the hybridization at the N atom in each of the substances?
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hybridization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hybridization. Or if you need more Hybridization practice, you can also practice Hybridization practice problems.