Problem: The sketches below show the atomic orbital wave functions (with phases) used to construct some of the MOs of a homonuclear diatomic molecule. For each sketch, determine the MO that will result from mixing the atomic orbital wave functions as drawn. Use the same labels for the MOs as in the “Closer Look” box in the textbook on phases.

FREE Expert Solution

End-to-end overlap of orbitals results to a sigma (σ) bond while a side to side overlap of orbitals results to pi (π) bond. On the other hand, a bonding molecular orbital is formed when the overlap of the orbitals is constructive while antibonding molecular orbital (*) is formed when the overlap of the orbitals is destructive.

84% (250 ratings)
View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

The sketches below show the atomic orbital wave functions (with phases) used to construct some of the MOs of a homonuclear diatomic molecule.

a) Two spheres, one red and one blue. A horizontal line connects the centers of the spheres. b) Two balloon shapes are connected end-to-end, oriented horizontally; the left is blue and the right is red. Another pair, oriented the same way, is to the right. A line connects the center points of both sets of balloon shapes. c) Two balloon shapes are connected end-to-end, oriented vertically; the bottom is blue and the top is red. Another pair, oriented the same way, is to the right. A line connects the center points of both balloon shapes. 

For each sketch, determine the MO that will result from mixing the atomic orbital wave functions as drawn. Use the same labels for the MOs as in the “Closer Look” box in the textbook on phases.


Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Molecular Orbital Theory concept. You can view video lessons to learn Molecular Orbital Theory . Or if you need more Molecular Orbital Theory practice, you can also practice Molecular Orbital Theory practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Van Dorn's class at ARIZONA.