End-to-end overlap of orbitals results to a sigma (σ) bond while a side to side overlap of orbitals results to pi (π) bond. On the other hand, a bonding molecular orbital is formed when the overlap of the orbitals is constructive while antibonding molecular orbital (*) is formed when the overlap of the orbitals is destructive.
The sketches below show the atomic orbital wave functions (with phases) used to construct some of the MOs of a homonuclear diatomic molecule.
For each sketch, determine the MO that will result from mixing the atomic orbital wave functions as drawn. Use the same labels for the MOs as in the “Closer Look” box in the textbook on phases.
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