This problem is related to specific heat capacity.
Heat capacity is defined as the minimum amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance through 1 oC.
Substances with smaller specific heat capacities require smaller amounts of heat to increase their temperature than substances with larger specific heat capacities.
Two identical refrigerators are plugged in for the first time. Refrigerator A is empty (except for air) and refrigerator B is filled with jugs of water. The compressors of both refrigerators immediately turn on and begin cooling the interiors of the refrigerators. After two hours, the compressor of refrigerator A turns off while the compressor of refrigerator B continues to run. The next day, the compressor of refrigerator A can be heard turning on and off every few minutes, while the compressor of refrigerator B turns off and on every hour or so (and stays on longer each time).
Explain these observations.
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Calorimetry concept. You can view video lessons to learn Calorimetry. Or if you need more Calorimetry practice, you can also practice Calorimetry practice problems.
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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Khanal's class at UCB.