Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule.
• N→ less electronegative atom than F → central atom
Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.
Group Valence Electrons
N 5A 1 × 5 e– = 5 e–
F 7A 3 × 7 e– = 21 e–
Total: 26 valence e–
Step 3: Draw the Lewis Structure for the molecule
Step 4: Determine the hybridization of the central atom.
Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:
Subshell Total # of orbitals
s _ 1 orbital
p _ _ _ 3 orbitals
d _ _ _ _ _ 5 orbitals
Write a hybridization and bonding scheme for each molecule. Label all bonds in NF3.
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hybridization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hybridization. Or if you need more Hybridization practice, you can also practice Hybridization practice problems.