Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular ForcesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Determine whether each molecule is polar or nonpolar.BrF5

Solution: Determine whether each molecule is polar or nonpolar.BrF5

Problem

Determine whether each molecule is polar or nonpolar.

BrF5

Solution

We have to determine whether BrF5 is a polar molecule or not.


Molecular polarity is a result of polar covalent bonds in the molecule. A covalent bond is polar when there is a difference of electronegativity between the two atoms forming the bond.

For example, the electronegativity of hydrogen is 2.1 and that of oxygen is 3.5. A bond between H and O will be polar due to the difference in electronegativity.


A polar bond is a dipole. The more electronegative atom acquires a partial negative charge while the less electronegative atom acquires a partial positive charge.

 

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