Problem: The most stable forms of the nonmetals in groups 4A, 5A, and 6A of the first period are molecules with multiple bonds. Beginning with the second-period, the most stable forms of the nonmetals of these groups are molecules without multiple bonds. Propose an explanation based on valence bond theory for this observation.

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The most stable forms of the nonmetals in groups 4A, 5A, and 6A of the first period are molecules with multiple bonds. Beginning with the second-period, the most stable forms of the nonmetals of these groups are molecules without multiple bonds. Propose an explanation based on valence bond theory for this observation.

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