We have to use formal charges to determine why fulminate ions is less stable than cyanide ion.
To solve this problem, we will first write the Lewis structure of both ions. The steps to draw a Lewis structure are:
We will follow these steps to solve this problem.
Step 1: Determine the central atom in the molecule.
Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.
Step 3: Draw the Lewis structure for the molecule.
Use formal charge to explain why the fulminate ion is less stable (and therefore more reactive) than the cyanate ion.
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Formal Charge concept. You can view video lessons to learn Formal Charge. Or if you need more Formal Charge practice, you can also practice Formal Charge practice problems.