We have to draw the Lewis structure for nitric acid including its resonance structures.
We first need the formula for nitric acid. Nitric acid is an oxyacid.
The rules of the naming of oxyacids are:
The name of the acid is based on the base name of the nonmetal (other than oxygen).
a. If the polyatomic ion ends with -ate then change the ending to -ic acid.
b. if the polyatomic ion ends with -ite then change the ending to -ous acid.
Nitric acid → Nitrate ion → NO3-
We just have to add H to the ion to get the formula.
Draw a Lewis structure for nitric acid (the hydrogen atom is attached to one of the oxygen atoms). Include all three resonance hybrids by alternating the double bond among the three oxygen atoms.
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Resonance Structures concept. You can view video lessons to learn Resonance Structures. Or if you need more Resonance Structures practice, you can also practice Resonance Structures practice problems.