The pH of normal urine is 6.30, and the total phosphate concentration ([PO43−] + [HPO42−] + [H2PO4−] + [H3PO4]) is 0.020 M. What is the minimum concentration of Ca2+ necessary to induce kidney stone formation? (See Exercise 15.49 for additional information.)
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Ksp concept. You can view video lessons to learn Ksp. Or if you need more Ksp practice, you can also practice Ksp practice problems.
What textbook is this problem found in?
Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition. You can also practice Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition practice problems.