Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Ammonia, NH3(g), and hydrogen chloride, HCl(g), react to form solid ammonium chloride, NH4Cl(s):NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s)Two 2.50 L flasks at 30.0 oC are connected by a stopcock, as shown in the draw

Problem

Ammonia, NH3(g), and hydrogen chloride, HCl(g), react to form solid ammonium chloride, NH4Cl(s):
NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s)
Two 2.50 L flasks at 30.0 oC are connected by a stopcock, as shown in the drawing

Two gas flasks are connected by a tube with a stopcock. NH3 is in the flask on the left and HCl is in the flask on the right.

One flask contains 5.60g NH3(g), and the other contains 4.60 g  HCl(g). When the stopcock is opened, the gases react until one is completely consumed.

What mass of ammonium chloride will be formed?