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Problem: Ammonia, NH3(g), and hydrogen chloride, HCl(g), react to form solid ammonium chloride, NH4Cl(s):NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s)Two 2.50 L flasks at 30.0 oC are connected by a stopcock, as shown in the drawingOne flask contains 5.60g NH3(g), and the other contains 4.60 g  HCl(g). When the stopcock is opened, the gases react until one is completely consumed.Which gas will remain in the system after the reaction is complete?

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FREE Expert Solution

Determine which is the limiting reactant and the excess reactant by calculating how much product each reactant can produce.

The reactant that produces lesser amount of product is the limiting reactant.

Balanced Reaction: NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s)

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Problem Details

Ammonia, NH3(g), and hydrogen chloride, HCl(g), react to form solid ammonium chloride, NH4Cl(s):
NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s)
Two 2.50 L flasks at 30.0 oC are connected by a stopcock, as shown in the drawing

Two gas flasks are connected by a tube with a stopcock. NH3 is in the flask on the left and HCl is in the flask on the right.

One flask contains 5.60g NH3(g), and the other contains 4.60 g  HCl(g). When the stopcock is opened, the gases react until one is completely consumed.

Which gas will remain in the system after the reaction is complete?