We are asked to identify the precipitate formed when two solutions are mixed together. We will refer to the solubility rules in order to determine if an insoluble product (precipitate) is formed or not.
•Soluble Ionic Compounds:
▪ Group 1A ions (Li+, Na+, K+, etc.) and Ammonium ion (NH4+) are soluble
▪ Nitrates (NO3-), Acetates (CH3COO- or C2H3O2-), and most Perchlorates (ClO4-) are soluble
▪ Cl-, Br-, and I- are soluble except when paired with Ag+, Pb2+, Cu+, Hg22+
▪ Sulfates (SO42-) are soluble except those of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ag+, and Pb2+
• Insoluble Ionic Compounds:
Consider two solutions, the first being 50.0 mL of 1.00 M CuSO4 and the second 50.0 mL of 2.00 M KOH. When the two solutions are mixed in a constant-pressure calorimeter, a precipitate forms and the temperature of the mixture rises from 21.5 oC to 27.7 oC.
Predict the identity of the precipitate in the reaction.
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