Problem: Consider the following acid-neutralization reactions involving the strong base NaOH(aq):HNO3(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaNO3(aq) + H2O(l)HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)NH4+(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NH3(aq) + Na+(aq) + H2O(l)As we saw in Section 4.3, nitric acid and hydrochloric acid are strong acids. Write net ionic equations for the neutralization of the nitric acid.

FREE Expert Solution

We are asked to write the net ionic equation for the neutralization of nitric acid.


HNO3(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaNO3(aq) + H2O(l)


Dissociate the aqueous species to ions: 

H+(aq) + NO3-(aq) + Na+(aq)  + OH-(aq) →Na+(aq)  + NO3-(aq) + H2O(l)


Cancel spectators ions: 

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Problem Details
Consider the following acid-neutralization reactions involving the strong base NaOH(aq):

HNO3(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaNO3(aq) + H2O(l)
HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)
NH4+(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NH3(aq) + Na+(aq) + H2O(l)

As we saw in Section 4.3, nitric acid and hydrochloric acid are strong acids. Write net ionic equations for the neutralization of the nitric acid.

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