Ch.6 - Thermochemistry WorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions

See all sections
Sections
Internal Energy
Calorimetry
Thermochemical Equation
Hess's Law
Enthalpy of Formation
End of Chapter 6 Problems
Additional Practice
Units of Energy
Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions
Additional Guides
Enthalpy

Solution: When a 4.25-g sample of solid ammonium nitrate dissolves in 60.0 g of water in a coffee-cup calorimeter, the temperature drops from 22.0 oC to 16.9 oC.You may want to reference (Pages 179 - 183) Secti

Problem

When a 4.25-g sample of solid ammonium nitrate dissolves in 60.0 g of water in a coffee-cup calorimeter, the temperature drops from 22.0 oC to 16.9 oC.

A diagram shows two Styrofoam cups nested together.  The inside cup contains the reaction mixture in solution, and is covered by a cork stopper, through which a thermometer and glass stirrer are placed.

You may want to reference (Pages 179 - 183) Section 5.5 while completing this problem.

Calculate ΔH (in kJ/mol NH4NO3) for the solution process:
NH4NO3(s) → NH4+(aq) + NO3-(aq)

Assume that the specific heat of the solution is the same as that of pure water.

Is this process endothermic or exothermic?