Ch.15 - Acid and Base EquilibriumWorksheetSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

polyprotic acid possesses more than 2 hydronium ions (H+). 

Polyprotic Acids

Our understanding of diprotic acids and bases can be used to understand polyprotic acids and bases. 

Concept #1: The most common type of polyprotic acid is the triprotic acid, which contains 3 acidic hydronium ions. 

Concept #2: Triprotic bases contain 3 Kb values, so they would have 3 equilibrium equations. 

Concept #3: As a result of these equations for polyprotic acids and bases the relationship between Ka and Kb can be established. 

Example #1: Determine the pH of 0.300 M sodium hydrogen phosphate, Na2HPO4. Phosphoric acid, H3PO4, contains Ka1 = 7.5 x 10-3, Ka2 = 6.2 x 10-8 and Ka3 = 4.2 x 10-13

Example #2: Determine the pH of 0.300 M citric acid, H3C6H5O7 it possesses Ka1 = 7.4 x 10-4, Ka2 = 1.7 x 10-5 and Ka3 = 4.0 x 10-7