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Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch.17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Solubility Rules
Molecular Equations
Gas Evolution Equations
Solution Stoichiometry
Complete Ionic Equations
Calculate Oxidation Numbers
Redox Reactions
Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions
Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions
Activity Series
Additional Guides
Oxidation Reduction (Redox) Reactions (IGNORE)
Oxidation Number (IGNORE)
Net Ionic Equation (IGNORE)

Osmolarity (ionic molarity) represents the number of moles of ions per liter of solution. 


Concept #1: Method 1: Direct Calculation of Osmolarity

Direct Calculation of Osmolarity:

Example #1: Calculate the molarity of chloride ions when dissolving 58.1 g AlCl3 in enough water to make 500 mL of solution.

Concept #2: Method 2: Osmolarity from Molarity

Osmolarity from Molarity of compound:

Example #2: What is the concentration of hydroxide ions in a 0.350 M solution of gallium hydroxide, Ga(OH)3?

Example #3: How many moles of Ca2+ ions are in 0.120 L of 0.450 M Ca3(PO4)2 solution?

Using Molarity of compounds and L of solutions, moles of ions can be calculated.

Practice: Which of the following solutions will have the highest concentration of bromide ions?

Practice: How many milligrams of nitride ions are required to prepare 820 mL of 0.330 M Ba3N2 solution?

Practice: How many bromide ions are present in 65.5 mL of 0.210 M GaBrsolution?