Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Binary Acid Nomenclature

Concept #1: Rules for Naming Binary Acids

binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion

Example #1: Write the formula for each of the following compounds:

a) Hydroiodic acid                                  b)  Hydroselenic acid                              c)  Hydrofluoric acid

Practice: Give the systematic name for each of the following compounds:

a. HBr                    b. H2S                   c. HCN 

Oxyacid Nomenclature

Concept #2: Rules for Naming Oxyacids

An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen

Example #2: Give the systematic name or formula for each of the following compounds:

a)  H2CO3                                             b)  Nitric acid                                         c)  H2SO4

Practice: Give the systematic name or formula for each of the following compounds:

a. Hypobromous acid                b. HClO3                     c. Acetic Acid 

Additional Problems
Determine the names for N2O5 and HNO3 A. nitrogen pentoxide and nitrous acid B. nitrogen oxide and nitric acid C. nitrogen (IV) oxide and hydronitrous acid D. nitrogen (II) oxide and hydrogen (I) nitrate E. dinitrogen pentoxide and nitric acid
Name the following compounds:  Cl2O7 _______________________________________________________________ Co(NO2)3 • 4H2O _______________________________________________________________ Mg(HCO3)2 _______________________________________________________________   Write formulas for the following compounds: chromium(III) hypobromite ________________________________________________________ sulfurous acid ________________________________________________________   
Which of the following compounds whose formulas are in the left hand–column is incorrectly named in the right–hand column? A. SO3                    sulfur (VI) oxide B. HClO2                chlorous acid C. VBr3                   vanadium (III) bromide D. Sn(SO4)2           tin (IV) sulfate E. K3P                    potassium phosphide
Determine the names for I2F7 and HNO2 a. iodine heptoxide and nitrous acid b. iodine fluoride and nitric acid c. diiodine heptafluoride and nitrous acid d. heptafluoroidic acid and hydrogen (I) nitrite. e. diiodoheptafluorodine and nitric acid
Write the formula for each acid.hydrofluoric acid
Write the formula for each acid.hydrobromic acid
Write the formula for each acid.sulfurous acid
Write the formula for each acid.phosphoric acid
Write the formula for each acid.hydrocyanic acid
Write the formula for each acid.chlorous acid
Determine the chemical formula of each of the following compounds:perchloric acid
You may want to reference (Pages 65 - 71) Section 2.8 while completing this problem. Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.hydroiodic acid
You may want to reference (Pages 65 - 71) Section 2.8 while completing this problem. Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.chloric acid
You may want to reference (Pages 65 - 71) Section 2.8 while completing this problem. Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.nitrous acid
You may want to reference (Pages 102 - 105) Section 3.6 while completing this problem.Enter the chemical formula for perchloric acid.
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.hypochlorous acid,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.iodic acid,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.sulfurous acid.
Carbonic acid occurs in carbonated beverages. When allowed to react with lithium hydroxide it produces lithium carbonate. Lithium carbonate is used to treat depression and bipolar disorder.Write chemical formula for carbonic acid.
Use the nomenclature flow chart (the following figure) to name each compound. HC2H3O2(aq)
Use the nomenclature flow chart (the following figure) to name each compound. HNO2(aq)
You may want to reference (Pages 65 - 71) Section 2.8 while completing this problem. Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.H2CO3
You may want to reference (Pages 65 - 71) Section 2.8 while completing this problem. Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.HClO4
You may want to reference (Pages 65 - 71) Section 2.8 while completing this problem. Provide the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.CH3COOH
Name the acid obtained by adding H+ to the iodate ion, IO3 -.
You may want to reference (Pages 102 - 105) Section 3.6 while completing this problem.Name the acid HF(aq).
You may want to reference (Pages 102 - 105) Section 3.6 while completing this problem.Name the oxyacid HNO2(aq).
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.HBrO3,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.HBr,
Give the name or chemical formula, as appropriate, for each of the following acids.H3 PO4,
You may want to reference (Pages 106 - 106) Section 3.7 while completing this problem.Use the flowchart in the figure to name H2SO3(aq).
Name each acid.HI(aq)
Name each acid.HNO3(aq)
Name each acid.H2CO3(aq)
Name each acid.You may want to reference (Pages 101 - 105)Section 3.6 while completing this problem.HCl(aq)
Name each acid.You may want to reference (Pages 101 - 105)Section 3.6 while completing this problem.HClO2(aq)
Name each acid.You may want to reference (Pages 101 - 105)Section 3.6 while completing this problem.H2SO4(aq)
Many familiar substances have common, unsystematic names. For each of the following, give the correct systematic name.muriatic acid, HCl
Write the chemical formula for each substance mentioned in the following word descriptions (use the front inside cover of the textbook to find the symbols for the elements you dont know).On treatment with hydrofluoric acid, silicon dioxide forms silicon tetrafluoride and water.
Write the chemical formula for each substance mentioned in the following word descriptions (use the front inside cover of the textbook to find the symbols for the elements you dont know).Sulfur dioxide reacts with water to form sulfurous acid.
Write the chemical formula for each substance mentioned in the following word descriptions (use the front inside cover of the textbook to find the symbols for the elements you dont know).Perchloric acid reacts with cadmium to form cadmium( II) perchlorate.
Assume that you encounter the following sentences in your reading. What is the chemical formula for each substance mentioned?When cadmium sulfide is treated with sulfuric acid, fumes of hydrogen sulfide are given off.
What is the name of the following polyatomic ion, ClO – ?a) Chloride           b) Perchlorate           c) Chlorate           d) Hypochlorite  Based on the previous question, the compound HClO is correctly named as: a) Hydrochloric acid           b) Chloro-oxyacid           c) Hypochlorous acid           d) Chloric acid
Provide the missing information.Formula                       NameCuCl2                           _________________________ ______                        nitrous acid NF3                                 _________________________ 
The formula for arsenous acid is:a) H2AsO3b) H3AsO2c) H2AsO4d) H3AsO4e) H3AsO3
What is the name of H2SO4(aq)?a. hydrogen persulfateb. sulfurous acidc. dihydrogen sulfur tetraoxided. sulfuric acide. dihydrosulfate
SeO42- is the  selenate ion, so the correct nomenclature for H 2SeO3 isa. hydroselenic acidb. selenic acidc. selenous acidd. hydroselenous acide. hyposelenous acid
Name the acid H3PO4 (dissolved in water).A) Hydrogen phosphate acidB) Phosphoric acidC) Hydrophosphoric acidD) Phosphorous acidE) Hydrophosphate acid
Write the chemical formula or the name for the following.A. Boron PhosphideB. Tetraphosphorous trisulfideC. Nitric acidD. Silver hypochloriteE. Pb3N4F. MnSO3G. ICI3H. SF6
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct:   i. The correct formula for carbonic acid is HCO 3-   ii. The correct name for HBrO4 is perbromic acid   iii. The correct formula for hydrosulfuric acid is H2SO4A) i onlyB) ii onlyC) iii onlyD) i and iiE) i and iii
Name each acid. a. Hl
All but one of the following compounds is named incorrectly. Which of the following statements is correctly named?1. Iron (III) nitrate is Fe(NO3)32. Manganese sulfate is MnSO33. Bromic acid is HBrO4. Lithium phosphide is Li3PO4
Sulfurous acid is:a. H2Sb. H2SO2c. H2SO4d. H2SO3e. HSO3
Write the formula and calculate the molecular weight for hypobromous acid.
What is the name of the acid whose formula is HI?
HC2H3O2. Name the acid.
Which of the following statements is correct.i. The formula for hydrosulfurous acid is H2SO3ii. The correct name for HBrO3 is bromic acidiii. The symbol for hypobromous acid is HBrOa. i onlyb. ii onlyc. iii onlyd. i and iie. ii and iii
Determine the name for HClO3.A) hydrochlorus acidB) chloric acidC) perchloric acidD) hydrochloric acidE) chlorate acid
Determine the name for aqueous HBr.A) bromic acidB) bromous acidC) hydrogen bromateD) hydrobromic acidE) hydrobromous acid
Name each acid. b. HNO3
Name each acid. c. H2CO3
Name each acid. d. HC2H3O2
Name each acid. a. HCl
Name each acid. b. HClO2
Name each acid. c. H2SO4
Name each acid. d. HNO2
Write formulas for each acid.a. hydrofluoric acidb. hydrobromic acidc. sulfurous acid
Write formulas for each acid.a. phosphoric acidb. hydrocyanic acidc. chlorous acid
Choose the CORRECT formula/name combination.a. Fe(H2PO4)3 Iron dihydrogen phosphateb. Fe(H2PO4)3 Iron(III) hydrogen phosphatec. HCl(g) Hydrochloric acidd. H2O Dihydrogen oxidee. H3N Trihydrogen mononitride
What is the correct name for HCIO 4a. hydrogen perchlorateb. perchlorous acidc. perchloric acidd. chloric acide. chlorous acid
Write the formulas for the following compoundsa) ammonium sulfate: b) calcium hypobromite: c) magnesium hydroxide: d) aluminum phosphate: e) hydroiodic acid: 
What are the names of acids HNO 3 and HI?A. nitric acid and hydroiodic acidB. hydronitric acid and hydroiodic acidC. hydrogen nitrate and hydrogen iodideD. nitric acid and hdrogen iodide
If a formula is given, provide the name. If a name is given, provide the formula.a. LiOHb. Perchloric acidc. SeF6d. potassium permanganatee. chromium (III) nitratef. tetraphosphorous decasulfideg. VCl5
Name each of the following compounds:a. HC2H3O2
Name each of the following compounds:g. H2SO4
Determine the name for H2CO3.A) carbonous acidB) dihydrogen carbonateC) carbonic acidD) hydrocarbonic acidE) hydrocarbide acid
Determine the name for HClO3.A) hydrochloric acidB) hydrochlorus acidC) chlorate acidD) chloric acidE) perchloric acid
Determine the name for aqueous HBr.A) bromic acidB) bromous acidC) hydrobromous acidD) hydrogen bromateE) hydrobromic acid
Name each of the following compounds:l. HClO
Which of the following best names the compound HClO 3 (aq) in aqueous solution?a) Chloric acidb) Hydrochloric acidc) Hydrogen chlorided) Hypochloric acide) Perchloric acid
Knowing the names of similar chlorine oxyanions and acids, deduce the names of the following:IO–, IO2–, IO3–, IO4–, HIO, HIO2, HIO3, HIO4.
a. What is the chemical formula for the base iron(III) hydroxide? b. The formula for the oxalate ion is C2O42- . Predict the formula for oxalic acid. c. Identify the following as a Nitric, Nitrous, Chloric, or Hydrochloric: HNO 3, HCI, HNO2, HCIO3
Determine the names for N2O5 and HNO3. a. nitrogen pentoxide and nitrous acid b. nitrogen oxide and nitric acid c. nitrogen (IV) oxide and hydronitrous acid d. nitrogen (II) oxide and hydrogen (I) nitrate e. dinitrogen pentoxide and nitric acid
Name the following acids:a) HI              b) H2SO3       c) HClO4       d) HBrO3      e) H2Te
The chemical formula for sulfurous acid is _______________ .
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:f. iodous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:l. nitrous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:g. hydrobromic acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:h. bromous acid
Write the formula for each of the following compounds:i. perbromic acid
Name the following acids illustrated below.
Name the acids illustrated below.
Name the following acids illustrated below.
Name the compound H3BO. (H3BO3 is boric acid.)1. hydrogen borate2. hydrogen perborate3. hypoboric acid4. hypoborous acid5. perboric acid6. boric acid7. borous acid8. hydrogen boron oxide
Name the following acids illustrated below.
Name the following acids illustrated below.
The name for the two compounds HBrO and Fe2(SeO3)3 are, respectively:A) hypobromic acid, iron (III) seleniteB) hypobromous acid, iron (III) seleniteC) bromic acid, iron (II) selenite D) perbromic acid, iron (II) selenateE) hypobromous acid, iron (III) selenate
Each of the following compounds is incorrectly named. What is wrong with each name, and what is the correct name for each compound?i. HNO3, nitrate acid
Each of the following compounds is incorrectly named. What is wrong with each name, and what is the correct name for each compound?j. H2S, sulfuric acid
Which acid/name pair is NOT correct?a. HBr, hydrobromic acidb. H2CrO4, chromic acidc. H3PO4, hydrophosphoric acidd. HCl, hydrochloric acid
What is the chemical formula of the oxyacid perphosphoric acid? Express your answer as a chemical formula.
Gaseous HCl is known asa. hydrogen chloride.b. hydrochloric acid.c. monohydrogen monochloride.d. hydride (I) chloride.e. hydrogen monochlorine.
Many chemical names are similar at first glance. Give the formulas of the species in each set:(c) Hydrochloric acid, chloric acid, and chlorous acid
Before the use of systematic names, many compounds had common names. Give the systematic name for each of the following:(c) Oil of vitriol, H2SO4
Before the use of systematic names, many compounds had common names. Give the systematic name for each of the following:(e) Muriatic acid, HCl
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(a) hydrogen carbonate 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(b) IO4− 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(c) cyanide 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(d) HS−
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(a) perchlorate 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(b) NO3− 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(c) bromite 
Give the name and formula for the acid derived from each of the following anions:(d) H2PO4−
Correct the name to match the formula of the following compounds: (d) hydrogen chloride acid, HCl
Correct the formula to match the name of the following compounds: (b) chloric acid, HCl
If a new halogen were discovered with the name sapline and the symbol Sa, how would the following acids of sapline be named? 
Give the SYSTEMATIC name for each of the following compounds: (a) Hg2(OH)2(b) CrO3 [Cr = Chromium] (c) H2SO3 (aq) (d) HClO3 (aq) (e) Fe3N2
Phosphoric acid reacts with potassium hydroxide.