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Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond TheoryWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Sections
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory
Equatorial and Axial Positions
Electron Geometry
Molecular Geometry
Bond Angles
Hybridization
Molecular Orbital Theory
MO Theory: Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules
MO Theory: Bond Order
Additional Guides
Molecular Geometry (IGNORE)
VSEPR Theory

True Shape of Molecules that takes into account differences in repulsion between lone pairs and surrounding elements.

Molecular Geometry

Concept #1: Two Electron Groups

Two Electron Groups: Linear

Concept #2: Three Electron Groups

Three Electron Groups:

Trigonal Planar, Bent = V-shaped = Angular

Example #1: Determine the molecular geometry for the following molecule: BeH3

Concept #3: Four Electron Groups

Four Electron Groups:

Tetrahedral, Trigonal pyramidal, Bent = V-shaped = Angular

Concept #4: Five Electron Groups

Five Electron Groups:

Trigonal Bipyramidal, See-saw, T-shaped, Linear

Example #2: Draw and determine the electron geometry for the following molecule: SOCl4

Concept #5: Six Electron Groups

Six Electron Groups:

Octahedral, Square pyramidal, Square planar

Example #3: Determine the molecular geometry for the following ion: KrCl5+

Practice: Determine the molecular geometry for the following molecule: SeH2Cl2

Practice: Determine the molecular geometry for the following molecule: CHClO.

Practice: Determine the molecular geometry for the following molecule: FSSF.

Practice: Determine the molecular geometry for the following molecule: IF4.