Ch.2 - Atoms & ElementsSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Under mass conversions, connections between grams, moles and molecules are established. 

The Mole 

The mole is the chemical unit for the amount of a substance and serves as the bridge that connects grams to molecules, atoms, formula units and ions. 

Mass Conversions

Concept #1: Avogadro’s Number, Moles, Molecules & Atoms 

The words atoms and ions are used when talking about a single element and the words molecules and formula units are used when talking about more than one element together. 

Concept #2: Atoms to Moles to Grams 

Example #1: Determine the mass (in grams) found in 7.28 x 1028 nitrogen atoms.  

Concept #3: Molecules to Moles to Grams

Example #2: Determine the how many molecules of carbon dioxide, CO2, are found in 75.0 g CO2.

Mass Conversion Calculations

Practice: If the density of water is 1.00 g/mL at 25oC. Calculate the number of water molecules found in 1.50 x 103 µL of water.

Practice: Calculate the number of oxygen atoms found in 783.9 g in copper (II) sulfate pentahydrate, CuSO4 x 5 H2O.

Practice: The density of the sun is 1.41 g/cm3 and its volume is 1.41 x 1027 m3. How many hydrogen molecules are in the sun if we assume all the mass is hydrogen gas?

Practice: A cylindrical copper wire is used for the fences around a house. The copper wire has a diameter of 0.0750 in. How many copper atoms are found in 5.160 cm piece? The density of copper is 8.96 g/cm3. ( V = π x r2 x h )

Additional Problems
How many moles of sodium ions (Na +) are in 56.0 g of sodium phosphate (Na 3PO4)? A. 0.342 mol Na+ B. 1.03 mol Na+ C. 0.114 mol Na+ D. 3.06 x 103 mol Na+
What is the mass, in grams, of each elemental sample? b. 0.0355 mol Ba
What is the mass (in kg) of 6.89 × 10 25 molecules of CO2? The molar mass of CO2 is 44.01 g/mol. A) 3.85 kg  B) 5.04 kg C) 2.60 kg D) 3.03 kg E) 6.39 kg
How many moles of PBr3 are contained in 3.68 × 1025 bromine atoms? A) 61.1 moles PBr3 B) 20.4 moles PBr3 C) 16.4 moles PBr3 D) 183 moles PBr3 E) 49.1 moles PBr3
How many iron atoms are contained in 354 g of iron? A) 9.50 × 10 22 Fe atoms B) 3.82 × 10 24 Fe atoms C) 2.13 × 10 26 Fe atoms D) 4.69 × 10 24 Fe atoms E) 2.62 × 1025 Fe atoms
What is the mass, in grams, of each elemental sample? c. 43.9 mol Xe
Stearic acid (C18H36O2) is a fatty acid found in beef and butter.  a) What is the molecular mass of stearic acid? Give your answer in units of g/mol.          b) How many oxygen atoms are present in 1.000 g of stearic acid? 
What is the mass, in grams, of each elemental sample? d. 1.3 mol W
What is the mass of 4.91 x 10 21 platinum atoms?
Calculate the mass (in kg) of 4.87 x 10 25 atoms of Zn. A) 1.09 kg         B) 1.89 kg             C) 5.29 kg           D) 1.24 kg               E) 8.09 kg
How many moles of lithium phosphate are in 85.7 g of this substance? 1. 0.306578 2. 0.341986 3. 0.676199 4. 0.386893 5. 0.265989 6. 0.531978 7. 0.717652 8. 0.60452 9. 0.17272 10. 0.740105
The number of atoms in 9.0 g of aluminum is the same as the number of atoms in _____. A. 8.1 g of magnesium B. 9.0 g of magnesium C. 12.1 g of magnesium D. 18.0 g of magnesium
Calculate the number of carbon atoms in 4.56 grams of ethanol (CH 3CH2OH). 1. 2.53 × 1026 atoms 2. 1.19 × 1023 atoms 3. 1.79 × 1023 atoms 4. 5.49 × 1024 atoms 5. 5.97 × 1022 atoms
What is the weight of O in 742.0 g of citronella oil that has the chemical formula C10H18O? a. 19.31 b. 18.52 c. 77.10 d. 115.5 e. 231.3
What is the mass of 1.3 x 10 13 moles of N2  in pg? a. 3.64 x 1014 b. 1.82 x 1014 c. 1.82 x 1026 d. 3.64 x 1026 e. none of the given answers is even close to being correct
A single atom of a certain element has a mass of 3.352 x 10 -23 g. The element is a. Ne b. Co c. Al d. Br e. Ti
Calculate the molar mass for Mg(ClO4)2. A) 223.21 g/mol B) 123.76 g/mol C) 119.52 g/mol D) 247.52 g/mol E) 75.76 g/mol
The Freons are a class of compounds containing carbon, chlorine, and fluorine. While they have many valuable uses, they have been shown to be responsible for depletion of the ozone in the upper atmosphere. In 1991, two replacement compounds for Freons went into production: HFC-134a (CH2FCF3) and HCFC-124 (CHClFCF3). Calculate the molar masses of these two compounds.
How many xenon atoms are contained in 2.36 moles of xenon?
How many moles are in 26.7 grams of calcium nitrate?
How many argon atoms are contained in 7.66 x 10 5 mol of argon? A) 4.61 × 1029 Ar atoms B) 1.84 × 1028 Ar atoms C) 1.15 × 1028 Ar atoms D) 7.86 × 1020 Ar atoms E) 3.24 × 1026 Ar atoms
Calculate the mass, in kg, of each sample. a. 7.55 x 1026 cadmium atoms b. 8.15 x 1027 nickel atoms c. 1.22 x 1027 manganese atoms d. 5.48 x 1029 lithium atoms
How many helium atoms are there in a helium blimp containing 536 kg of helium?
If the mass of 2.51 x 10 -3 moles of compound A is 0.452 g, then what is the molar mass?
Calculate the average mass, in grams, of one platinum atom.
Using scanning tunneling microscopy, scientists at IBM wrote the initials of their company with 35 individual xenon atoms (as shown below). Calculate the total mass of these letters in grams.
How many Li atoms are contained in 97.9 g of Li? A) 5.90 × 1025 Li atoms B) 7.09 × 1021 Li atoms C) 8.49 × 1024 Li atoms D) 4.27 × 1022 Li atoms E) 4.18 × 1024 Li atoms
How many iron atoms are contained in 354 g of iron? A) 2.62 × 1025 Fe atoms B) 2.13 × 1026 Fe atoms C) 4.69 × 1024 Fe atoms D) 3.82 × 1024 Fe atoms E) 9.50 × 1022 Fe atoms
How many formula units are in 0.25 mole of Na 2O? A)  4.5 x 1023    B)  0.75                  C)  1.5 x 1023    D)  4.2 x 10–25    E)  0.25
Phosphorus tribromide is a liquid with a density of 2.852 g/cm3.  A beaker contains 0.4875 moles of this compound.    a)  What is the chemical formula of phosphorus tribromide?   b) What is the volume of liquid in milliliters (mL)? c)  How many molecules of phosphorus tribromide are in the beaker? d)  How many atoms of bromine are in the beaker?
If 4.05 x 1023 molecules of a substance have a mass of 86.2 g, what is the molar mass of the substance? A)  128 g/mol B)  3.49 x 1025 g/mol                                    C)  2.13 x 1022 g/mol D)  4.70 x 1021 g/mol           E)  58.0 g/mol
A 1.000-g sample of a metal chloride, MCl 2, is dissolved in water and treated with excess aqueous silver nitrate. After drying, the silver chloride that formed weighed 1.286 g. Calculate the atomic mass of M.   a) 222.8 g b) 76.00 g c) 152.0 g d) 304.0 g e) none of these 
Suppose we have 100 g of each of the following substances. Which sample contains the largest number of moles? 1. MgCO3, formula weight 84.3 2. AgCl, formula weight 143.3 3. Impossible to tell, unless we know what reaction will take place with the substance. 4. HCl, formula weight 36.5 5. H2 O, formula weight 18.0
What mass of the compound CrO3 (M = 100.0) contains 4.5 x 10 23 oxygen atoms? a) 2.25 g b) 12.0 g c) 25.0 g d) 75.0 g
Identify the correct statement regarding the mole. a) A mole of oxygen gas contains 6.02 x 10 23 atoms. b) A mole of chlorine gas contains 2 x 6.02 x 10 23 molecules. c) A mole of carbon dioxide contains two moles of oxygen atoms. d) A mole of ammonia gas (NH 3) has a mass of 34.0 g. e) A mole consists of the number of particles in exactly 12 g of naturally occurring carbon. 
How many moles of water contain 2.22 x 10 24 molecules of water? (A) 3.69 moles (B) 0.272 moles (C) 2.72 moles (D) 36.9 moles (E) 1.34 x 1048 moles
 A pure titanium cube has an edge length of 2.78 in. How many titanium atoms does it contain? Titanium has a density of 4.50 g/ cm3. 
Calculate the mass in grams of 1.505 x 10 23 molecules of CH 4. (A) 4 g (B) 16 g (C) 40 g (D) 64 g (E) 2.4 x 1024 g
Calculate the molar mass for Mg(ClO4)2. A) 247.52 g/mol B) 119.52 g/mol C) 123.76 g/mol D) 223.21 g/mol E) 75.76 g/mol
How many fluorine atoms are present in 19.75 g of the Freon C 2HBrClF3? (A) 1.81 x 1023 (B) 6.02 x 1023 (C) 6.69 x 1021 (D) 6.03 x 1022 (E) 2.23 x 1023
6.02 x 10 21 molecules of an unknown substance X has a mass of 2.00 grams. What is the molar mass of X in g/mole? (A) 0.02 g/mol (B) 0.2 g/mol (C) 20 g/mol (D) 200 g/mol (E) 2000 g/mol
How many bromide ions are in 0.55 g of iron(III) bromide? HINT: What does the Roman numeral mean? a. 1.1 x 1021 ions b. 3.4 x 1021 ions c. 3.3 x 1023 ions d. 9.9 x 1023 ions e. 2.9 x 1026 ions
How many Cl atoms are there in 27.3 grams of magnesium chloride?  
A 67.2 g sample of a gold and palladium alloy contains 2.49 x 10 23 atoms. What is the composition (by mass) of the alloy? 
How many Cl– ions are there in 15.6 g of MgCl 2?
How many N2O4 molecules are contained in 76.3 g N 2O4? The molar mass of N2O4 is 92.02 g/mol. A) 4.59 × 10 25 N2O4 molecules B) 5.54 × 10 25 N2O4 molecules C) 7.26 × 10 23 N2O4 molecules D) 1.38 × 10 24 N2O4 molecules E) 4.99 × 10 23 N2O4 molecules
What is the mass of 4.50 x 1022 atoms of magnesium, Mg? (A) 0.0748 g (B) 0.182 g (C) 0.897 g (D) 1.82 g (E) 18.2 g
Calculate the number of moles in 55.0 g of magnesium hydroxide. (A) 0.943 mol (B) 1.33 mol (C) 1.83 mol (D) 2.89 mol (E) 5.68 x 1023 mol
How many  C2H4  molecules are contained in 45.8 mg of  C 2H4 ? The molar mass of  C2H4  is 28.05 g/mol. A) 2.71× 10 20 C2H4 molecules B) 9.83 × 10 20  C2H4  molecules C) 7.74 × 10 26  C2H4  molecules D) 4.69 × 10 23  C2H4 molecules E) 3.69 × 10 23  C2H4  molecules
What is the molecular weight of glucose, C6H12O6
32.0 grams of the element oxygen: (A) contain 6.02 x 1023 atoms of oxygen (B) contain 1.204 x 1024 molecules of oxygen (C) contain the same number of oxygen atoms as 18.0 g of water (D) contain the same number of oxygen atoms as 72.0 g of water (E) contain the same number of oxygen atoms as 90.0 g of water
Calculate the number of nitrogen atoms in 240. g of ammonium nitrate. (A) 2.01 x 1023 nitrogen atoms (B) 6.02 x 1023 nitrogen atoms (C) 1.20 x 1024 nitrogen atoms (D) 1.81 x 1024 nitrogen atoms (E) 3.61 x 1024 nitrogen atoms
6.02 x 1021 molecules of an unknown substance X has a mass of 11.0 grams. What is the molar mass of X in g/mole? (A) 110 g/mol (B) 220 g/mol (C) 1100 g/mol (D) 2200 g/mol (E) cannot be determined without the formula of X
How many oxygen atoms are in a 125 mg sample of aspirin? The molar mass of aspirin is 180.15 g/mol and its molecular formula is C9H8O4.   a) 4.18 × 1023 b) 4.18 × 1020 c) 1.67 × 1021 d) 1.36 × 1025 e) 8.68 × 1023
How many moles are in 42.6 g of water? 1. 767 mol 2. 3.04 mol 3. 2.66 mol 4. 2.37 mol
Of the following: one atom of uranium (U), one molecule of benzene (C6 H6), one mole of hydrogen atoms, or 6.02 × 1020 oxygen molecules, which one weighs the most? 1. one mole of hydrogen atoms 2. 6.02 × 1020 oxygen molecules 3. one molecule of C6 H6 4. one atom of U
What is the mass (in kg) of 6.89 × 10 25 molecules of CO2? The molar mass of CO2 is 44.01 g/mol. A) 5.04 kg B) 3.85 kg C) 3.03 kg D) 2.60 kg E) 6.39 kg
What is the mass of 9.44 × 10 24 molecules of NO2? The molar mass of NO2 is 46.01 g/mol. A) 294 g B) 341 g C) 205 g D) 685 g E) 721 g
How many moles of N2O3 contain 2.55 × 1024 oxygen atoms? A) 7.87 moles N2O3  B) 1.41 moles N2O3  C) 4.23 moles N2O3  D) 12.7 moles N2O3  E) 2.82 moles N2O3 
How many moles of C3H8 contain 4.95 × 10 24 hydrogen atoms? A) 3.09 moles C3H8 B) 6.58 moles C3H8 C) 1.03 moles C3H8 D) 9.73 moles C3H8 E) 8.22 moles C3H8
What is the molar mass of calcium permanganate? A) 199 g/mol B) 278 g/mol C) 216 g/mol D) 159 g/mol
How many sulfur atoms are present in 256 mg of Al 2(S2O3)3? a. 3.95 x 1022 b. 6 c. 7.90 x 1022 d. 0.393 e. 2.37 x 1021
What is the identity of substance X if 0.380 mol of X weighs 17.5 g? A) NO2 B) N2O C) N2O4 D) NO3
How many sodium atoms are in 6.0 g of Na 3N? a. 1.3 x 1023 atoms b. 3.6 x 1024 atoms c. 1.217 atoms d. 4.6 x 1022 atoms e. 0.072 atoms
A 2.000 g sample of an unknown metal, M, was completely burned in excess O 2 to yield 0.02224 mol of the metal oxide, M2O3. What is the metal? A. Y B. Ca C. Al D. Sc
How many atoms of carbon are there in 0.80 moles of C 6H4Cl2? a. 3.9 x 1024 b. 3.6 x 1024 c. 2.9 x 1024 d. 6.0 x 1023 e. 4.8 x 1023
How many sulfur atoms are there in 3.8 mol of sulfur? 
Which of the following samples contains the largest number of atoms? a. 1 g Li b. 1 g F2 c. 1 g C d. 1 g P4 e. 1 g N2
How many moles of aluminum do 5.8 X 1024 aluminum atoms represent?
What is the average mass in grams of one atom of iron? a. 55.85 g b. 6.02 x 10-23 g c. 9.28 x 10-23 g d. 1.66 x 10-24 g e. 55.85 x 10-25 g
Determine the number of moles of silicon in 5.00 mg Si. a. 1.78 x 10-4 mol b. 2.40 x 10-4 mol c. 0.140 mol d. 5.62 mol e. 5.62 x 103 mol
What mass of carbon is present in 0.500 mol of sucrose (C12H22O11)? Molar mass: C12H22O11 = 342 g/mol A. 60.0 g B. 72.0 g C. 90.0 g D. 120 g  
What mass of carbon is present in 0.500 mol of sucrose (C 12H22O11)? a) 60.0 g  b) 72.0 g c) 90.0 g d) 120.0 g
How many atoms are in 1.50 g of Al? a) 0.0556 b) 18.0 c) 3.35 x 1022 d) 2.44 x 1025
A 7.36-g sample of copper is contaminated with an additional 0.51 g of zinc. Suppose an atomic mass measurement was performed on this sample. What would be the measured atomic mass?
How many grams of gold contain 1.39 x 10 23 atoms of gold? a. 0.220 g b. 0.231 g c. 4.33 g d. 45.5 g e. 853 g
What mass of carbon is present in 1.4 x 10 20 molecules of sucrose (C12H22O11)? a) 1.7 x 1021 g b) 2.0 x 1022 g c) 3.3 x 10 -2 g d) 2.8 x 10-3 g
A 0.370 mol sample of a metal oxide (M 2O3) weighs 55.4 g. How many grams of M are in the sample, and what element is represented by the symbol M? a) 75.28 g/mol; Arsenic b) 101.7 g; Ruthenium c) 37.6 g; Vanadium d) 17.8 g; Metalium e) 41.3 g; Iron
How many atoms of oxygen are there in 53.2 g Al 2(SO4)3?       a. 9.36 x 1022 b. 3.75 x 1023 c. 1.12 x 1024 d. 2.81 x 1023
What mass (in kg) does 0.0822 moles of lead (Pb) have? a. 0.397 kg b. 17.0 kg c. 2.52 kg d. 0.0170 kg e. 0.632 kg
Which of the following amounts would contain the  least atoms?  a) 10.0 g Sr b) 10.0 g Br c) 10.0 g Mg d) 10.0 g Li
A 1.000-g sample of a metal chloride, MCl 2, is dissolved in water and treated with excess aqueous silver nitrate.  After drying, the silver chloride that formed weighed 1.286 g. Calculate the mass of M.  a) 222.8 g     b) 76.00g      c) 152.0 g      d) 304.0 g      e) none of these
Phenylenediamine (pictured below) is mainly used as a component of engineering polymers and composites. It is also an ingredient in hair dyes and is occasionally used as a substitute for henna. What mass of phenylenediamine contains 45.0 g carbon? a. 67.6 g b. 45.0 g c. 72.0 g d. 100 g
Phenylenediamine (pictured below) is mainly used as a component of engineering polymers and composites. It is also an ingredient in hair dyes and is occasionally used as a substitute for henna. How many molecules are in a 2.00 g of phenylenediamine? a. 1.30 x 1028 b. 1.11 x 1022 c. 3.59 x 10-20 d. 3.07 x 10-24
A sample of a compound of xenon and fluorine contains molecules of a single type; XeFn , where n is a whole number. If 9.03 x 10 20 of these XeFn molecules have a mass of 0.311 g, what is the value of n? a) 2 b) 3 c) 4 d) 6
Which of the following amounts have the  most molecules?  a) 15.0 g N2 b) 15.0 g Br2 c) 15.0 g O2 d) 15.0 g l2
If 2.50 grams of an unknown compound contains 6.25 x 10 19 molecules, what is its molecular mass?   
How many Cl atoms are there in 27.3 grams of magnesium chloride?
A 3.41 x 10–6 g sample of a compound is known to contain 4.67 x 10 16 molecules. This compound is a) CO2 b) CH4 c) NH3 d) H2O
What is the molar mass of aspartic acid, C 4O4H7N?  A) 43.03 g/mol B) 70.02 g/mol C) 86.91 g/mol D) 133.11 g/mol      E) 197.98 g/mol
The number of atoms in 9.0 g of aluminum is the same as the number of atoms in  a) 8.1 g of magnesium. b) 9.0 g of magnesium. c) 12.1 g of magnesium. d) 18.0 g of magnesium.
A single molecule of a certain compound has a mass of 3.4 x 10 –22 g. Which value comes closest to the mass of a mole of this compound? a) 50 g•mol–1 b) 100 g•mol–1 c) 150 g•mol–1 d) 200 g•mol–1
What mass of KClO3 will produce 48.0 g of oxygen gas, O2, if the decomposition of KClO3 is complete? a) 61.3 g b) 74.5 g c) 122.5 g d) 245.0 g
When 1.187 of a metallic oxide is reduced with excess hydrogen, 1.054 g of the metal is produced. What is the metallic oxide? a) Ag2O b) Cu2O c) K2O d)TI2O
What mass of aluminum bromide will contain 6.3 x 10  20 bromide ions ? a) 93 mg b) 31 mg c) 9.3 mg d) 27 mg e) 273 mg
Amavadin is a vanadium-containing compound found in three species of toxic mushrooms. The chemical formula for amavadin is VC12H16N2O10 and has molar mass 398.94 g•mol-1. If a mushroom contains 2.00 mg of amavadin, how many molecules are present? a. 1.20 x 1023 b. 4.80 x 1023 c. 3.02 x 1021 d. 3.02 x 1018  
Determine the volume of hexane that contains 5.33 x 10 22 molecules of hexane. The density of hexane is 0.6548 g/mL and its molar mass is 86.17 g/mol. a. 8.59 mL b.13.5 mL c. 7.40 mL d. 12.4 mL e. 11.6 mL
What is the mass (grams) of 4.91 x 1021 Pt    atoms?    1 mol Pt = 195.08 g = 6.022 x 1023 atoms
How many sodium ions are contained in 99.6 mg of Na  2SO3 ? a) 1.05 X 1021 b) 1.52 X 1027 c) 2.10 X 1021 d) 9.52 X 1020  
A 14-g sample of which isotope will have the largest number of atoms? a. 13C b. 14C c. 13N d. 14N e. They would all have the same number of atoms.
How many moles of Ar are in 5.22 X 1022 atoms of this noble gas?  
Which of the following equals the number of hydrogen atoms in 40 grams of methane? a. 1.5 x 10 24 b. 2.4 x 10 24 c. 6.0 x 10 24 d. 6.022 x 10 23
If 2.50 grams of an unknown compound contains 6.25 x 1019 molecules, what is its molecular mass? 
What mass (in kg) does 5.84 moles of Titanium (Ti) have? a. 0.352 kg b. 0.122 kg c. 0.820 kg d. 0.280 kg e. 0.632 kg
How many moles of methanol are present in a 150.0 gram sample of methanol, CH3OH? a. 7.776 x 10 -24 moles b. 4.681 moles c. 5.172 moles d. 4806 moles e. 2.818 x 10 24 moles
What is the molar mass of calcium phosphate, Ca 3(PO4)2? a. 87.05 g/mol b. 215.21 g/mol c. 278.18 g/mol d. 279.21 g/mol e. 310.18 g/mol
One molecule of a compound weighs 2.03 x 10 -22 grams. Calculate the molar mass of this molecule. a. 3.37 x 10-46 g/mol b. 3.36 x 10-23 g/mol c. 1.23 x 10-21 g/mol d. 1.22 x 10 2 g/mol e. 1.21 x 1024 g/mol
The definition of the mole gives the relationship between: a. mass and the atomic number. b. mass and number of atoms. c. mass and weight. d. the masses of the different isotopes of an atom. e. the isotopes of an atom and the number of atoms.
We have a 1.3 x 1022 lead atoms and the same number of gold atoms. Which statement is true regarding the mass of these samples? a. The mass of both of the samples is the same b. The mass of the lead sample is greater than the mass of the gold sample. c. The mass of the gold sample is greater than the mass of the lead sample. d. The mass of the gold sample is 4.5 g. e. The mass of the lead sample is 4.3 g.
For a 90.0 g sample of glucose (C6H12O6) and a 171.1 g sample of sucrose (C12H22O11), which statement is true? a. The sample of glucose has more moles than the sample of sucrose. b. The sample of sucrose has more moles than the sample of glucose. c. The samples have the same number of moles. d. 1 mol of glucose has greater molecular mass than 1 mol of sucrose. e. 1 mol of glucose has more C atoms in comparison to 1 mol of sucrose.
How many moles are in 25 mg of O 2? (Atomic mass of O = 16.00 g/mol) A) 7.8 ×10−4 B) 1.6 ×10−3 C) 0.40 D) 0.80 E) 800
Which contains the largest number of carbon atoms? A. 0.10 mol of carbon atoms B. 1.2 g carbon C. 0.10 mol of CH4 D. 1.6 g of CH4 E. All are the same
Which of the following contains most hydrogen atoms in one gram of sample? A. HClO4 B. HClO3 C. HClO2 D. HClO E. HCl
A 20.0 g sample of an element contains 4.95 x 1023 atoms. Identify the element. A) Cr B) O C) Mg D) Fe
A compound has a formula of Y2O5. If 2.8 g of Y combines with 8.0 g of oxygen, what is the atomic weight of Y? A. 10 B. 12 C. 14 D. 16 E. 18
What is the mass of one molecule of C8H18 (octane) in grams? A. 114 B. 1.9 x 10-22 C. 26 D. 6.9 x 10-21 E. 3.8 x 10-22
What is A, if 64.0 g of A combines exactly with 142 g of Cl to give the compound ACl 2? A. Br B. Mg C. Ca D. S E. Ba
What is the atomic weight of an element, X, if 1.00g of X combines with 0.66 g of oxygen to form a compound XO3? A. 24 B. 67 C. 73 D. 100 E. 146
A quantity of N2 occupies 62.2 L at a particular temperature and pressure. Its density is 0.900 g/L. How many moles of N2 are in the container? 1. 10.1 mol 2. 12.4 mol 3. Cannot be determined 4. 2.00 mol  5. 34.6 mol
Calcium fluoride is used to fluoridate drinking water. Calculate its molar mass in g/mol. (A) 118.15 (B) 99.15 (C) 78.07 (D) 59.08 (E) 38.00
Calculate the average mass, in grams, of an O2 molecule. a. 32.0 b. 2.00 c. 2.66 x 10-23 d. 1.88 x 10-22 e. 5.31 x 10-23
What is the mass, in grams, of each elemental sample? a. 2.3 x 10 –3 mol Sb
The molecular weight of a compound is the sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in the molecule. What is the molecular mass of acetaminophen, (C8 H9 NO2), the active ingredient in Tylenol?
Calculate the following quantities.Number of N atoms in 0.550 mol NH3.
A sample of glucose, C6 H12 O6, contains 1.260×1021 carbon atoms.How many moles of glucose does it contain?
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem. How many moles of aluminum do 4.90×1024 aluminum atoms represent?
A sample of the male sex hormone testosterone, C19H28O2, contains 3.68×1021 atoms of hydrogen. You may want to reference (Pages 93 - 98) Section 3.4 while completing this problem.How many moles of testosterone does it contain?
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem.A pure silver ring contains 3.501022 silver atoms. How many moles of silver atoms does it contain?
How many kilograms of chlorine are in 26 kg of each of the following chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)?CF2 Cl2
How many kilograms of chlorine are in 26 kg of each of the following chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)?CFCl3
How many kilograms of chlorine are in 26 kg of each of the following chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)?C2 F3 Cl3
How many kilograms of chlorine are in 26 kg of each of the following chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)?CF3 Cl
A Freon leak in the air conditioning system of an older car releases 26 g of CF2 Cl2 per month.What mass of chlorine is emitted into the atmosphere each year by this car?
You may want to reference (Page 110) Section 3.9 while completing this problem.Determine the mass of potassium in 35.1 g of KBr.
A Freon leak in the air-conditioning system of a large building releases 16 kg of CHF2 Cl per month.If the leak were allowed to continue, how many kilograms of Cl would be emitted into the atmosphere each year?
You may want to reference (Pages 111 - 115) Section 3.9 while completing this problem.Determine the mass of oxygen in a 6.8-g sample of Al2(SO4)3.
You may want to reference (Pages 111 - 115) Section 3.9 while completing this problem.Butane (C4H10) is a liquid fuel used in lighters. How many grams of carbon are in a lighter containing 7.05 mL of butane? (The density of liquid butane is 0.601 g/mL.)
Calculate the number of grams of sodium in 8.6 g of each of the following sodium-containing food additives.NaCl (table salt)
Calculate the number of grams of sodium in 8.6 g of each of the following sodium-containing food additives.Na3 PO4 (sodium phosphate)
Calculate the number of grams of sodium in 8.6 g of each of the following sodium-containing food additives.NaC7 H5 O2 (sodium benzoate)
Calculate the number of grams of sodium in 8.6 g of each of the following sodium-containing food additives.Na2 C6 H6 O7 (sodium hydrogen citrate)
The ratio of the mass of a nitrogen atom to the mass of an atom of 12 C is 7:6 and the ratio of the mass of nitrogen to oxygen in N2O is 7:4.Find the mass of 1 mol of oxygen atoms.
You may want to reference (Pages 93 - 98)Section 3.4 while completing this problem.What is the mass, in grams, of 6.33 mol of NaHCO3?
You may want to reference (Pages 93 - 98)Section 3.4 while completing this problem.What is the mass, in grams, of 3.010-5 mol of sulfuric acid?
What is the mass in grams of each of the following samples?5.301 mol of Ti
What is the mass in grams of each of the following samples?0.501 mol of Na
What is the mass in grams of each of the following samples?5.301 mol of U
Calculate the following quantities.Mass, in grams, of 0.155 mol sucrose (C12H22O11).
You may want to reference (Pages 93 - 98) Section 3.4 while completing this problem.What is the mass, in grams, of 2.60×10−3 mol of ammonium phosphate?
Calculate the following quantities. You may want to reference(Pages 93 - 98)Section 3.4 while completing this problem.Mass (in grams) of 2.00×10−2 mol of CdS.
What is the mass, in grams, of 1.30 mol of iron (III) sulfate?
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem. What is the mass, in grams, of each of the following?2.3×10−3 mol Sb
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem. What is the mass, in grams, of each of the following?3.56×10−2 mol Ba
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem. What is the mass, in grams, of each of the following?44.0 mol Xe
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem. What is the mass, in grams, of each of the following?1.4 mol W
Which has more mass, a mole of water (H2O) or a mole of glucose (C6H12O6)?
You may want to reference (Pages 70 - 74) Section 2.9 while completing this problem.Calculate the mass (in grams) of 0.501 mol of titanium.
Calculate the mass in grams of one mole of each of the following (the mass of a single item is given in parentheses):electrons (9.10938 10-28 g).
Calculate the mass in grams of one mole of each of the following (the mass of a single item is given in parentheses):protons (1.67262 10-24 g).
Calculate the mass in grams of one mole of each of the following (the mass of a single item is given in parentheses):neutrons (1.67493 10-24 g).
Calculate the mass in grams of one mole of each of the following (the mass of a single