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Ch.12 - SolutionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch.17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Solutions: Solubility and Intermolecular Forces
Parts per Million (ppm)
Mole Fraction
Solutions: Mass Percent
Types of Aqueous Solutions
Intro to Henry's Law
Henry's Law Calculations
The Colligative Properties
Boiling Point Elevation
Freezing Point Depression
Osmotic Pressure
Vapor Pressure Lowering (Raoult's Law)
Additional Guides
The Freezing Point Depression (IGNORE)

When an ionic solid dissolves, ions leave the solid and become dispersed in the solvent. Three possible aqueous solutions can be formed: saturated, unsaturated and supersaturated.

Types of Aqueous Solutions

Concept #1: Solution Equilibrium

Concept #2: Types of Aqueous Solutions

Example #1: The solubility of a substance is 56 g per 100 mL of water at 20° C. A solution of this substance is prepared by dissolving 80 g in 100 mL of water at 75° C. The solution is then cooled slowly to 20° C without any solid forming. The solution is:

Practice: The solubility of KClO3 in water at 30ºC is 10 g per 100 mL of water. A 0.95 M solution of KClO3 in water at 30ºC is: