Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

The reactivity of an organic compound is based on the presence of its Functional Group

The Different Functional Groups

Concept #1: Understanding the Types of Functional Groups

Example #1: In each of the following molecules, identify the type(s) of functional groups present.

Practice: In each of the following molecules, identify the type(s) of functional groups present.

Additional Problems
How many carbons are in a propanol molecule? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 e. 5
Alkanes are compounds that contain only carbons and hydrogens single bonded to one another. They are sometimes referred to simply as “hydrocarbons”. State the names of the first 10 alkanes. 
If butyric acid (shown below) smells sour, which of the following compunds is also likely to smell sour?  
Match each compound with the correct functional group classification. a) Alkene                 b) Alkyne                 c) Alkyl Halide                d) Alcohol e) Carboxylic Acid    f) Ether                    g) Ester                          h) Aldehyde i) Ketone j) Amine
Which of the following statements is true regarding straight chain hydrocarbons? i. the chain contain 3 carbon bonds and only single bonds is named butane ii. the chain containing 9 carbons and one double bond is named nonene iii. CH3(CH2)5CH3 is named heptane A. ii only B. iii only C. i and iii D. i and ii E. ii and iii
An organic compound contains 4 carbon atoms and one double C=C bond would have the name of: Propane Butene Butane Ethene
An organic compound contains 5 carbon atoms and one triple bond would have the name of: Propane Pentene Propyne Pentyne
An organic compound contains 4 carbon atoms and one  double C=C bond would have the name of:  a. Propane b. Butene c. Butane d. Ethene
Consider the following organic substances: ethanol, propane, hexane, and propanol. You may want to reference (Pages 72 - 73) Section 2.9 while completing this problem.Which of these molecules contains an OH group?
Classify each of the following hydrocarbons as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne.H2 C = CH - CH3
Consider the following organic substances: ethanol, propane, hexane, and propanol. You may want to reference (Pages 72 - 73) Section 2.9 while completing this problem.Which of these molecules contains three carbon atoms?
Classify each of the following hydrocarbons as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne.H3 C - CH2 - CH3
Classify each of the following hydrocarbons as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne.HC - CH3
Classify each of the following hydrocarbons as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne.H3 C - CH2 - CH2 - CH3
What elements are normally present in organic compounds?
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for alcohols.
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for ethers.
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for aldehydes.
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for ketones.
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for carboxylic acids.
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for esters.
Write a generic formula for each of the families of organic compounds.Write a generic formula for amines.
What is a hydrocarbon?
What functional group characterizes an alcohol?
Match each compound with the correct functional group classificationa) Alkeneb) Alkynec) Alkyl Halided) Alcohole) Carboxylic Acidf) Etherg) Esterh) Aldehydei) Ketonej) Amine
Classify each hydrocarbon as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne: