Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Solubility Rules
Molecular Equations
Gas Evolution Equations
Solution Stoichiometry
Complete Ionic Equations
Calculate Oxidation Numbers
Redox Reactions
Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions
Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions
Activity Series
Additional Practice
Types of Chemical Reactions
Normality & Equivalent Weight
Additional Guides
Oxidation Reduction (Redox) Reactions (IGNORE)
Oxidation Number (IGNORE)
Net Ionic Equation (IGNORE)

Electrolytes are compounds that can conduct electricity once they are dissolved in a solvent. 

Understanding Electrolytes

Whenever you add a solute to a solvent there are three possible outcomes: the solute dissolves completely, dissolves partially or doesn't dissolve at all into ions. 

Concept #1: The Classification of Strong Electrolytes

Strong Electrolytes break up into ions completely and are grouped into 3 categories: Strong Acids, Strong Bases and Soluble Ionic Compounds

Example #1: Provide the equation when sulfuric acid dissolves in a solvent.

Concept #2: Strong Bases represent strong electrolytes that complete dissolve into ions in a solvent. 

Practice: Which of the following represents a strong base?

Concept #3: Weak Electrolyte Classifications

Weak Electrolytes partially break up into ions and are grouped into 2 categories: Weak Acids and Weak Bases

Example #2: Which of the following represents a weak binary acid and therefore a weak electrolyte? 

a) H2SO3                      b) HCl                          c) HNO2                       d) HCN                                    e) HBrO3

Concept #4: Nonelectrolytes are covalent compound that don't dissolve into ions. 

Non-Electrolytes do NOT break up into ions at all and are commonly referred to as molecular compounds

Practice: Which of the following represents a non-electrolyte? 

Practice: Each of the following reactions depicts a solute dissolving in water. Classify each solute as a strong electrolyte, a weak electrolyte or a non-electrolyte.

Practice: Which of the following statements is true?