Ch.12 - SolutionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Sections
Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces
Henry's Law
Calculate Molarity
Mass Percent
Molality
Mole Fraction
The Colligative Properties
Additional Practice
Making Solutions
Freezing Point Depression
Colloid
Additional Guides
ppm
The Freezing Point Depression
Boiling Point Elevation

The molarity of a solution is related to the amount of solute dissolved within a solvent. 

Molarity

Concept #1: Molarity is the concentration of a solution represented as moles of solute per liter of solution:

Concept #2: Ionic molarity or osmolarity represents the molarity of dissolved ions in a solution.

Concept #3: Whenever two molarities or two volumes are given for one compound then a dilution is usually involved. 

Molarity Calculations

Example #1: Stock hydrochloric acid solution is 21.0% by mass HCl and has a specific gravity of 1.75. What is the molarity of the solution. 

Example #2: What is the concentration of nitrate ions in a solution that contains 83.3 g lead (IV) nitrate, Pb(NO3)4, dissolved in 700 mL solution? MW of Pb(NO3)4 is 455.24 g/mol.

Example #3:

How many micrograms of K2CO3 are required to prepare 120 mL of 0.325 M K2CO3? MW of K2CO3 is 138.21 g/mol.

 

Example #4:

If 50.0 mL of water is added to 80.0 mL of a 6.00 M solution, what will be the new concentration of the new solution?

Example #5:

To what volume should you dilute 72.93 mL of a 7.505 M LiCl solution so that 23.25 mL contains 2.25 g LiCl? MW of LiCl is 42.392 g/mol. 

Example #6: 870.0 g of water contains 0.990 g of sodium phophate, Na3PO4. Determine the concentration of Na3PO4 if the density of the solution is 1.10g/mL. MW of NA3PO4 is 163.94 g/mol.