Overview of Cancer Video Lessons

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Problem: This data table lists the most common types of cancer in the United States, and includes information on the known or likely carcinogens, estimated cases per year, and estimated deaths per year in 2014.Cancer in the United States (Ranked by number of cases)CancerKnown or Likely Carcinogens or FactorsEstimated cases (2014)Estimated deaths (2014)BreastEstrogen; possibly dietary fat235,00040,400ProstateTestosterone; possibly dietary fat233,00029,500LungCigarette smoke224,000159,000Colon and rectumHigh dietary fat; low dietary fiber136,80050,310SkinUltraviolet light81,20013,000LymphomasViruses (for some types)80,00020,100BladderCigarette smoke74,70015,600UterusEstrogen65,00012,600KidneyCigarette smoke63,90013,900LeukemiasX-rays; benzene; viruses (for some types)52,40024,100PancreasCigarette smoke46,40039,600LiverAlcohol; hepatitis viruses33,20023,000Brain and nerveTrauma; X-rays23,40014,300StomachTable salt; cigarette smoke12,4004,000OvaryLarge number of ovulation cycles22,00014,300CervixViruses; cigarette smoke12,4004,000All other Types259,940101,010Total1,665,540585,720Use the data table and your knowledge of cancer to identify which statements are true.Select all that apply.A. The combined survivability of all types of cancer is about 65%.B. Cancer of the cervix is the most survivable type of cancer.C. Cancers with higher numbers of cases will have higher deadliness percentages.D. Lung cancer is more deadly than cancer of the pancreas.E. Reducing risk factors might decrease the number of cancer cases, but would be unlikely to decrease the cancer deadliness percentages.

FREE Expert Solution

Given: 

Total number of cancer cases = 585 720

Total number of cancer deaths = 1 665 540

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Problem Details

This data table lists the most common types of cancer in the United States, and includes information on the known or likely carcinogens, estimated cases per year, and estimated deaths per year in 2014.


Cancer in the United States (Ranked by number of cases)

Cancer

Known or Likely Carcinogens or Factors

Estimated cases (2014)

Estimated deaths (2014)

Breast

Estrogen; possibly dietary fat

235,000

40,400

Prostate

Testosterone; possibly dietary fat

233,000

29,500

Lung

Cigarette smoke

224,000

159,000

Colon and rectum

High dietary fat; low dietary fiber

136,800

50,310

Skin

Ultraviolet light

81,200

13,000

Lymphomas

Viruses (for some types)

80,000

20,100

Bladder

Cigarette smoke

74,700

15,600

Uterus

Estrogen

65,000

12,600

Kidney

Cigarette smoke

63,900

13,900

Leukemias

X-rays; benzene; viruses (for some types)

52,400

24,100

Pancreas

Cigarette smoke

46,400

39,600

Liver

Alcohol; hepatitis viruses

33,200

23,000

Brain and nerve

Trauma; X-rays

23,400

14,300

Stomach

Table salt; cigarette smoke

12,400

4,000

Ovary

Large number of ovulation cycles

22,000

14,300

Cervix

Viruses; cigarette smoke

12,400

4,000

All other Types


259,940

101,010

Total


1,665,540

585,720


Use the data table and your knowledge of cancer to identify which statements are true.

Select all that apply.

A. The combined survivability of all types of cancer is about 65%.

B. Cancer of the cervix is the most survivable type of cancer.

C. Cancers with higher numbers of cases will have higher deadliness percentages.

D. Lung cancer is more deadly than cancer of the pancreas.

E. Reducing risk factors might decrease the number of cancer cases, but would be unlikely to decrease the cancer deadliness percentages.

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