Academic

Condensation Reactions

Condensation reactions are reactions in which two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, producing a small molecule such as H2O as a byproduct. They typically form a new carbon-carbon bond and result from a nucleophilic enolate and an electrophilic Read more…

Academic

pKa Values

pKa and Acidity The acidity of a compound can be determined by examining its structure, the stability of its conjugate base or by simply looking at its pKa value. The stronger the acid then the lower its pKa value. Given Read more…

Academic

Formal Charge

Formal Charge The formal charge of an element is based on its bonding behavior within a given compound. The most common formal charges observed are -1, 0 and +1. When all the formal charges in a given compound are added Read more…