pKa Values

pKa and Acidity The acidity of a compound can be determined by examining its structure, the stability of its conjugate base or by simply looking at its pKa value. The stronger the acid then the lower its pKa value. Given Read more…


Aldehyde and Ketone Reactions

Aldehyde and Ketone Reactions Aldehydes and ketones undergo nucleophilic addition because of the presence of their carbonyl groups. The general mechanism involves the carbonyl carbon being attacked by an incoming nucleophile and the carbonyl oxygen undergoing some type of protonation. Read more…


Alkene Reactions

So you’ve finally started your exploration into the wonderful world of alkenes. Over time you’ll hopefully realize that they not only form an important topic within your organic chemistry course, but in numerous places of your everyday life. For example, Read more…


Register to vote before time runs out!

Not enough college students vote. Just 48% of students voted in the 2016 presidential election. And just 43% of STEM majors voted. For midterm elections, like the one quickly approaching, the numbers are even worse. Only 18% of college students voted in the 2014 midterm election. Conversely, 70% of retirees vote. Do you think those retirees are accurately representing your interests?