Academic

Molecular vs Electron Geometry

Molecular and Electron Geometry The shape of a chemical compound is essential in understanding its polarity and by extension its intermolecular forces. For now let’s review the key differences and similarities that exist with the molecular geometry and electron geometry of Lewis Dot Structures. Molecular & Electron Geometry

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Chemistry is just too hard

Maybe the problem isn’t that we are bad at learning. Maybe chemistry is just too hard. Maybe everyone has the same problems. Chemistry relies on math via GIPHY Chemistry needs algebra, geometry and even some calculus. If math wasn’t your strong subject chemistry can get harder.   Chemistry isn’t a Read more…

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Periodic Properties

Periodic Properties of the Elements The atom represents the smallest indivisible part of matter, but its scientific foundations and theories are as expansive as a galaxy. Within a given atom we have our subatomic particles and the smallest ones called the electrons have a big impact on  physical and chemical Read more…

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Condensation Reactions

Condensation reactions are reactions in which two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, producing a small molecule such as H2O as a byproduct. They typically form a new carbon-carbon bond and result from a nucleophilic enolate and an electrophilic carbonyl.  P.S. Here is the 2-hour super-comprehensive version if you are not Read more…

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pKa Values

pKa and Acidity The acidity of a compound can be determined by examining its structure, the stability of its conjugate base or by simply looking at its pKa value. The stronger the acid then the lower its pKa value. Given below are the pKa values for the most commonly discussed Read more…