Biology Biology: How Life Works
Biology: How Life Works

Biology: How Life Works Morris • 2nd Edition • 9781464126093

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Ch.1 - LIFE: Chemical, Cellular, and Evolutionary Foundations

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - The Molecules of Life

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids

Ch.3 - Nucleic Acids and Transcription

Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing

Ch.4 - Translation and Protein Structure

Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation

Ch.5 - Organizing Principles: Lipids, Membranes, and Cell Compartments

Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Osmosis Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts

Ch.6 - Making Life Work: Capturing and Using Energy

Introduction to Metabolism Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics Chemical Reactions ATP Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition

Ch.7 - Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Energy from Carbohydrates and Other Fuel Molecules

Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration

Ch.8 - Photosynthesis: Using Sunlight to Build Carbohydrates

Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Stages of Photosynthesis Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Photorespiration Review of Photosynthesis

Ch.9 - Cell Signaling

Introduction to Cell Signaling Classes of Signaling Receptors Types of Cell Signaling Signal Amplification

Ch.10 - Cell and Tissue Architecture

Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.11 - Cell Division: Variations, Regulation, and Cancer

Introduction to Cell Division Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer Homologous Chromosomes Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Mitosis & Meiosis Review

Ch.12 - DNA Replication and Manipulation

Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication Telomeres Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing

Ch.13 - Genomes

Genomes

Ch.14 - Mutation and DNA Repair

Mutations DNA Repair

Ch.16 - Mendelian Inheritance

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Punnett Squares Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Punnett Square Probability Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance

Ch.17 - Inheritance of Sex Chromosomes, Linked Genes, and Organelles

Ch.19 - Genetic and Epigenetic Regulation

Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation X-Inactivation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch.20 - Genes and Development

Developmental Biology

Ch.21 - Evolution: How Genotypes and Phenotypes Change Over Time

Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.22 - Species and Speciation

Species History of Life on Earth

Ch.23 - Evolutionary Patterns: Phylogeny and Fossils

Phylogeny

Ch.26 - Bacteria and Archaea

Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.27 - Eukaryotic Cells: Origins and Diversity

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.29 - Plant Structure and Function: Moving Photosynthesis onto Land

Roots and Shoots Tissues Water Potential Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.30 - Plant Reproduction: Finding Mates and Dispersing Young

Flowers Seeds

Ch.31 - Plant Growth and Development

Growth Plant Development

Ch.32 - Plant Defense: Keeping the World Green

Plant Defenses

Ch.33 - Plant Diversity

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.34 - FUNGI: Structure, Function, and Diversity

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.35 - Animal Nervous Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Ch.36 - Animal Sensory Systems and Brain Function

Sensory System

Ch.37 - Animal Movement: Muscles and Skeletons

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.38 - Animal Endocrine Systems

Endocrine System

Ch.39 - Animal Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems

Circulatory and Respiratory Anatomy Heart Physiology Gas Exchange

Ch.40 - Animal Metabolism, Nutrition, and Digestion

Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation Digestion Blood Sugar Homeostasis

Ch.41 - Animal Renal Systems: Water and Waste

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.42 - Animal Reproduction and Development

Animal Reproduction Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.43 - Animal Immune Systems

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.44 - Animal Diversity

Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.45 - Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior

Ch.46 - Population Ecology

Ecology Population Ecology

Ch.47 - Species Interactions, Communities, and Ecosystems

Community Interactions Community Structure

Ch.48 - Biomes and Global Ecology

Biomes Ecosystems

Ch.49 - The Anthropocene: Humans as a Planetary Force

Conservation Biology