Biology Biology: How Life Works
Biology: How Life Works

Biology: How Life Works Morris • 2nd Edition • 9781464126093

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Ch.1 - LIFE: Chemical, Cellular, and Evolutionary Foundations

Characteristics of Life

Ch.2 - The Molecules of Life

Atoms Bonding Properties of Water Acids and Bases Carbon Polymers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids

Ch.3 - Nucleic Acids and Transcription

Gene Expression and the Genetic Code Transcription RNA Processing

Ch.4 - Translation and Protein Structure

Translation Proteins

Ch.5 - Organizing Principles: Lipids, Membranes, and Cell Compartments

Fluid Mosaic Model Osmosis and Diffusion Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Cells Nucleus Endomembrane System Endosymbionts

Ch.6 - Making Life Work: Capturing and Using Energy

Metabolism Thermochemistry ATP Enzymes

Ch.7 - Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Energy from Carbohydrates and Other Fuel Molecules

Cellular Respiration Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Citric Acid Cycle ETC and Oxidative Phosphorylation Anaerobic Respiration and Fermentation

Ch.8 - Photosynthesis: Using Sunlight to Build Carbohydrates

Photosynthesis Light Reactions Calvin Cycle The Need for CO2

Ch.9 - Cell Signaling

Cell Signaling Reception Transduction and Response

Ch.10 - Cell and Tissue Architecture

Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.11 - Cell Division: Variations, Regulation, and Cancer

Cell Division Mitosis Cell Cycle Regulation Sexual Reproduction Meiosis

Ch.12 - DNA Replication and Manipulation

History of Genetic Research DNA Replication

Ch.13 - Genomes

Genomes

Ch.14 - Mutation and DNA Repair

Mutation Repair Mechanisms and Telomeres

Ch.16 - Mendelian Inheritance

Mendel's Experiment Independent Assortment Extensions to Mendel Genetic Counseling

Ch.17 - Inheritance of Sex Chromosomes, Linked Genes, and Organelles

Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance Chromosome Abnormalities and Non-Mendelian Inheritance

Ch.19 - Genetic and Epigenetic Regulation

Bacterial Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Gene Regulation

Ch.20 - Genes and Development

Developmental Biology

Ch.21 - Evolution: How Genotypes and Phenotypes Change Over Time

Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.22 - Species and Speciation

Species History of Life on Earth

Ch.23 - Evolutionary Patterns: Phylogeny and Fossils

Phylogeny

Ch.26 - Bacteria and Archaea

Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.27 - Eukaryotic Cells: Origins and Diversity

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.29 - Plant Structure and Function: Moving Photosynthesis onto Land

Roots and Shoots Tissues Water Potential Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.30 - Plant Reproduction: Finding Mates and Dispersing Young

Flowers Seeds

Ch.31 - Plant Growth and Development

Growth Plant Development

Ch.32 - Plant Defense: Keeping the World Green

Plant Defenses

Ch.33 - Plant Diversity

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.34 - FUNGI: Structure, Function, and Diversity

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.35 - Animal Nervous Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Ch.36 - Animal Sensory Systems and Brain Function

Sensory System

Ch.37 - Animal Movement: Muscles and Skeletons

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.38 - Animal Endocrine Systems

Endocrine System

Ch.39 - Animal Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems

Circulatory and Respiratory Anatomy Heart Physiology Gas Exchange

Ch.40 - Animal Metabolism, Nutrition, and Digestion

Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation Digestion Blood Sugar Homeostasis

Ch.41 - Animal Renal Systems: Water and Waste

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.42 - Animal Reproduction and Development

Animal Reproduction Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.43 - Animal Immune Systems

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.44 - Animal Diversity

Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.45 - Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior

Ch.46 - Population Ecology

Ecology Population Ecology

Ch.47 - Species Interactions, Communities, and Ecosystems

Community Interactions Community Structure

Ch.48 - Biomes and Global Ecology

Biomes Ecosystems

Ch.49 - The Anthropocene: Humans as a Planetary Force

Conservation Biology