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Biology Essentials of Biology
Essentials of Biology

Essentials of Biology Mader • 5th Edition • 978-1259660269

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Ch.1 - Biology: The Science of Life

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - The Chemical Basis of Life

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale

Ch.3 - The Organic Molecules of Life

Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids

Ch.4 - Inside the Cell

Microscopes Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Endosymbiotic Theory Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.5 - The Dynamic Cell

Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics Chemical Reactions ATP Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Introduction to Metabolism Negative & Positive Feedback Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Osmosis Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Ch.6 - Energy for Life

Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Stages of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Photorespiration C3, C4 & CAM Plants Review of Photosynthesis

Ch.7 - Energy for Cells

Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration

Ch.8 - Cellular Reproduction

Introduction to Cell Division Organization of DNA in the Cell Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer

Ch.9 - Meiosis and the Genetic Basis of Sexual Reproduction

Genes & Alleles Homologous Chromosomes Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Mitosis & Meiosis Review Genetic Variation During Meiosis

Ch.10 - Patterns of Inheritance

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Punnett Squares Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Punnett Square Probability Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance X-Inactivation

Ch.11 - DNA Biology

The Griffith Experiment The Hershey-Chase Experiment Chargaff's Rules Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication DNA Repair Telomeres Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation Mutations Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch.12 - Biotechnology and Genomics

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing Genomes

Ch.13 - Genetic Counseling

Ch.14 - Darwin and Evolution

Descent with Modification

Ch.15 - Evolution on a Small Scale

Genetic Variation Hardy-Weinberg Model

Ch.16 - Evolution on a Large Scale

Species History of Life on Earth Phylogeny

Ch.17 - Viruses, Bacteria, and Protists

Viruses Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.18 - Plants and Fungi

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.19 - Animals

Overview of Animals Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.20 - Plant Anatomy and Growth

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation Water Potential

Ch.21 - Plant Responses and Reproduction

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses Flowers Seeds

Ch.22 - Being Organized and Steady

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation

Ch.23 - The Transport Systems

Circulatory System

Ch.24 - The Maintenance Systems

Respiratory System Digestion

Ch.25 - Human Nutrition

Digestion

Ch.26 - Defenses Against Disease

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.27 - The Control Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System Endocrine System

Ch.28 - Sensory Input and Motor Output

Sensory System Musculoskeletal System

Ch.29 - Reproduction and Embryonic Development

Animal Reproduction Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.30 - Ecology and Populations

Ecology Population Ecology

Ch.31 - Communities and Ecosystems

Community Interactions Community Structure Ecosystems

Ch.32 - Human Impact on the Biosphere

Conservation Biology

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