Biology Human Biology
Human Biology

Human Biology Mader & Windelspecht • 16th Edition • 9781260233032

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Ch. 1 - Exploring Life & Science

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch. 2 - Chemistry of Life

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids

Ch. 3a - Cell Structure & Function

Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Endosymbiotic Theory Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Osmosis Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis Fluid Mosaic Model Osmosis and Diffusion Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Bulk Transport

Ch. 3b - Metabolism & the Energy Reactions

Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics Chemical Reactions ATP Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Introduction to Metabolism Negative & Positive Feedback Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration

Ch. 4 - Organization & Regulation of Body Systems

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis

Ch. 5 + 6 - Cardiovascular System: Heart, Blood Vessels, & Blood

Blood Sugar Homeostasis Circulatory and Respiratory Anatomy Heart Physiology Circulatory System

Ch 7: Lymphatic & Immune Systems

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch. 8 - Biology of Infectious Diseases

Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages Viruses

Ch. 9 - Digestive System & Nutrition

Digestion

Ch. 10 - Respiratory System

Respiratory System Gas Exchange

Ch. 11 - Urinary System

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch. 12 + 13 - Skeletal & Muscular Systems

Musculoskeletal System

Ch. 14 - Nervous System

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Ch. 15 - Senses

Sensory System

Ch. 16 - Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Ch. 17 - Reproductive System

Animal Reproduction

Ch. 18 - Development & Aging

Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch. 19 - Patterns of Chromosome Inheritance

Genes & Alleles Homologous Chromosomes Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Genetic Variation During Meiosis Mitosis & Meiosis Review

Ch. 20 - Cancer

Cancer

Ch. 21 - Genetic Inheritance

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Punnett Squares Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Punnett Square Probability Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance X-Inactivation

Ch. 22a - DNA Biology & Gene Expression

The Griffith Experiment The Hershey-Chase Experiment Chargaff's Rules Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication DNA Repair Telomeres Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation Mutations Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch. 22b - DNA Technology & Genomics

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing DNA Cloning PCR and Dideoxy Sequencing DNA Fingerprinting Genomes

Ch. 24 - Ecology & the Nature of Ecosystems

Ecology Population Ecology Ecosystems

Ch. 25 - Human Interactions with the Biosphere

Community Interactions Community Structure