Biology Essentials of Biology
Essentials of Biology

Essentials of Biology Mader • 4th Edition • 978-0078024221

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Ch.1 - Biology: The Science of Life

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - The Chemical Basis of Life

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale

Ch.3 - The Organic Molecules of Life

Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

Ch.4 - Inside the Cell

Microscopes Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Introduction to the Cytoskeleton

Ch.5 - The Dynamic Cell

Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics ATP Chemical Reactions Introduction to Metabolism Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Negative & Positive Feedback Passive vs. Active Transport Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Osmosis Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Ch.6 - Energy for Life

Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Stages of Photosynthesis Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle C3, C4 & CAM Plants Review of Photosynthesis

Ch.7 - Energy for Cells

Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration

Ch.8 - Cellular Reproduction

Introduction to Cell Division Organization of DNA in the Cell Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer

Ch.9 - Meiosis and the Genetic Basis of Sexual Reproduction

Homologous Chromosomes Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Mitosis & Meiosis Review Genetic Variation During Meiosis

Ch.10 - Patterns of Inheritance

Mendel's Experiment Independent Assortment Extensions to Mendel

Ch.11 - DNA Biology

History of Genetic Research DNA Replication Repair Mechanisms and Telomeres Gene Expression and the Genetic Code Transcription RNA Processing Translation Bacterial Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Gene Regulation

Ch.12 - Biotechnology and Genomics

DNA Cloning PCR and Dideoxy Sequencing DNA Fingerprinting Genomes

Ch.13 - Genetic Counseling

Mutation Chromosome Abnormalities Genetic Counseling

Ch.14 - Darwin and Evolution

Descent with Modification

Ch.15 - Evolution on a Small Scale

Genetic Variation Hardy-Weinberg Model

Ch.16 - Evolution on a Large Scale

Species History of Life on Earth Phylogeny

Ch.17 - The Microorganisms: Viruses, Bacteria, and Protists

Viruses Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.18 - Land Environment: Plants and Fungi

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.19 - Both Water and Land: Animals

Overview of Animals Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.20 - Plant Anatomy and Growth

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation Water Potential

Ch.21 - Plant Responses and Reproduction

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses Flowers Seeds

Ch.22 - Being Organized and Steady

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation

Ch.23 - The Transport Systems

Circulatory System

Ch.24 - The Maintenance Systems

Respiratory System Digestion

Ch.25 - Human Nutrition

Digestion

Ch.26 - Defenses Against Disease

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.27 - The Control Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System Endocrine System

Ch.28 - Sensory Input and Motor Output

Sensory System Musculoskeletal System

Ch.29 - Reproduction and Embryonic Development

Animal Reproduction Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.30 - Ecology and Populations

Ecology Population Ecology

Ch.31 - Communities and Ecosystems

Community Interactions Community Structure Ecosystems

Ch.32 - Human Impact on the Biosphere

Conservation Biology

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