Biology Biology: Guide to Natural World
Biology: Guide to Natural World

Biology: Guide to Natural World Krogh • 5th Edition • 978-0321946768

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Ch.1 - Science as a Way of Learning: A Guide to the Natural World

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - Fundamental Building Blocks: Chemistry, Water, and pH

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale

Ch.3 - Life's Components: Biological Molecules

Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

Ch.4 - Life's Home: The Cell

Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.5 - Life's Border: The Plasma Membrane

Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Osmosis Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Ch.6 - Life's Mainspring: An Introduction to Energy

Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics Chemical Reactions ATP Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Introduction to Metabolism

Ch.7 - Vital Harvest - Deriving Energy from Food

Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration

Ch.8 - The Green World's Gift: Photosynthesis

Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Pigments of Photosynthesis Stages of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Photorespiration C3, C4 & CAM Plants Review of Photosynthesis

Ch.9 - The Link's in Life's Chain: Genetics and Cell Division

Introduction to Cell Division Organization of DNA in the Cell Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer

Ch.10 - Preparing for Sexual Reproduction: Meiosis

Homologous Chromosomes Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Mitosis & Meiosis Review Genetic Variation During Meiosis Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers

Ch.11 - The First Geneticist: Mendel and His Discoveries

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Punnett Squares Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics

Ch.12 - Units of Heredity: Chromosomes and Inheritance

Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance

Ch.13 - Passing on Life's Information: DNA Structure and Replication

Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Repair Mutation

Ch.14 - How Proteins Are Made: Genetic Transcription, Translation, and Regulation

Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation Mutations Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation Genomes

Ch.15 - The Future Isn't What It Used to Be: Biotechnology

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing

Ch.16 - An Introduction to Evolution: Charles Darwin, Evolutionary Thought, and the Evidence

Descent with Modification

Ch.17 - The Means of Evolution: Microevolution

Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.18 - The Outcomes of Evolution: Macroevolution

Species Phylogeny

Ch.19 - A Slow Unfolding: The History of Life on Earth

History of Life on Earth

Ch.20 - Arriving Late, Traveling Far: The Evolution of Human Beings

Primates and Homonids

Ch.21 - Viruses, Bacteria, Archaea, and Protists: The Diversity of Life 1

Viruses Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.22 - Fungi: The Diversity of Life 2

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.23 - Animals: The Diversity of Life 3

Overview of Animals Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes

Ch.24 - Plants: The Diversity of Life 4

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.25 - Angiosperms: Form and Function in Flowering Plants

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth Water Potential Flowers Seeds

Ch.26 - Body Support and Movement: The Integumentary, Skeletal, and Muscle Systems

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Musculoskeletal System

Ch.27 - Communication and Control 1: The Nervous System

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Ch.28 - Communication and Control 2: The Endocrine System

Endocrine System Blood Sugar Homeostasis

Ch.29 - Defending the Body: The Immune System

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.30 - Transport and Exchange 1: Blood and Breath

Circulatory and Respiratory Anatomy Heart Physiology Gas Exchange

Ch.31 - Transport and Exchange 2: Digestion, Nutrition, and Elimination

Digestion Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.32 - An Amazingly Detailed Script: Animal Development

Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.33 - How the Baby Came to Be: Human Reproduction

Animal Reproduction

Ch.34 - An Interactive Living World 1: Populations Ecology

Introduction to Ecology Population Ecology

Ch.35 - An Interactive Living World 2: Communities in Ecology

Community Interactions Community Structure

Ch.36 - An Interactive Living World 3: Ecosystems and Biomes

Ecosystems Biomes Conservation Biology